About the Standards Blog
NIST Releases Second Draft to Cybersecurity Framework, ANSI Encourages Stakeholders to Comment
ANSI.org –December 11, 2017 - The U.S. Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued the second draft of the proposed update to the Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity—also known as the Cybersecurity Framework. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) encourages all relevant stakeholders to submit draft comments to NIST by the deadline on Friday, January 19, 2018.
Created through collaboration between industry and government, the Cybersecurity Framework was released in 2014 as a result of an executive order signed by former president Barack Obama, “Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity.” The framework consists of standards, guidelines, and practices to promote the protection of critical infrastructure, and uses a common language to address and manage cybersecurity risk in a cost-effective way based on business needs without placing additional regulatory requirements on business.
The second draft aims to clarify, refine, and enhance the framework, amplifying its value and making it easier to use... Full Story
Interoperability and open standards: the key to a real opennessSimone Aliprandi
International Free and Open source Software Law Review –December 8, 2017 - Most people agree that providing a shared set of standards produces a broad advantage for all actors involved in the ICT market. First of all, it’s an advantage for active operators in that market (companies, developers, designers), but also for users of computer technologies, simple observers and scholars as well.
However, if on one hand the same concept of standard appears to be quite intuitive and broadly known, on the other hand not so many people are aware of the complex dynamics behind the standard definition process, particularly in relation to today’s globalized and technology-savvy world. Even fewer people seem aware that, when a standard definition process is not being carried with true transparency and care, this procedure could even become counterproductive for the innovation itself. Therefore, in recent years a new approach for the standard definition process has been emerging, with the aim of producing standards based on the broadest level of openness and interoperability: the so-called open standards.
This essay starts by addressing the broad concept of standards, with specific reference to the world of technology; later it focuses on the drafting process of standards, highlighting major problems regarding its judicial, economic and technological aspects. The final section of the essay concentrates on the concept of open standards. Full Story
New Antitrust Division Chief Prioritizes Regulation of Standard Setting OrganizationsCarl W. Hittinger and Tyson Y. Herrold
Legal Intelligencer –December 7, 2017 - ...[The head of the DOJ’s Antitrust Division, Makan Delrahim, in a] is recent speech, examined the relationship between patent holders–which he called technology “innovators”–and SSOs–which he called “technology implementers.” He identified two potential antitrust issues arising from interaction between these two groups: the “hold-up problem” and the “hold-out problem.” According to Delrahim, the hold-up problem occurs when patent holders leverage their exclusive rights to a patented design to demand favorable royalty terms from SSO members, the idea being that, once an SSO has adopted its standard, SSO members must either agree to patent holders’ demands or risk being effectively excluded from the market. Conversely, the hold-out problem occurs when SSOs leverage their industry clout by “threatening to under-invest in the implementation of a standard [utilizing the patented design] or threatening not to take a license at all, until its royalty demands are met.”
According to Delrahim, the “hold-up and the hold-out problems are not symmetric,”...the upshot of his remarks is that the new Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division believes that SSOs should be more rigorously scrutinized, especially when it comes to IP licensing... Full Story
Call for Participants for the ANSI Unmanned Aircraft Systems Standardization Collaborative
ANSI.org –December 5, 2017 - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) issued today a call for participants for its Unmanned Aircraft Systems Standardization Collaborative (UASSC). The announcement follows the UASSC’s kick-off meeting held September 28 in Washington, DC.
The UASSC’s mission is to coordinate and accelerate the development of the standards and conformity assessment programs needed to facilitate the safe integration of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) – commonly known as drones – into the national airspace system (NAS) of the United States. The collaborative will also focus on international coordination and adaptability, with the goal of fostering the growth of the UAS market. The group will work to develop a standardization roadmap over the course of a year to identify existing standards and standards in development, as well as related conformance programs, define where gaps exist, and recommend additional work that is needed including a timeline for its completion and organizations that potentially can perform the work. The UASSC will not develop standards... Full Story
Open-source community stresses worries on new Copyright Directive in open letter to EUAdrian Offerman
EU Joinup –December 4, 2017 - This week, more than 80 organisations involved in open source software wrote an open letter to the Council of the EU and the European Commission expressing their concerns on the new Copyright Directive as it is currently proposed. According to the signatories, Article 13 in particular will cause irreparable damage to their fundamental rights and freedoms, their economy and competitiveness, their education and research, their innovation and competition, their creativity and their culture.
Article 13 obliges Internet service providers that store and provide public access to large amounts of works or other subject matter uploaded by their users to ensure the functioning of agreements concluded with rightholders. Where such agreements do not apply, service providers must prevent the availability of the rightholders' intellectual property on the service. To that purpose, service providers should cooperate with rightholders and implement measures such as the use of effective content recognition technologies... Full Story
Intellectual property: Protecting Europe's know-how and innovation leadershipPress Release
EU Commission –December 2, 2017 - The Commission today presents measures to ensure that intellectual property rights are well protected, thereby encouraging European companies, in particular SMEs and start-ups, to invest in innovation and creativity.
Today's initiatives will make it easier to act efficiently against breaches of intellectual property rights, facilitate cross-border litigation, and tackle the fact that 5% of goods imported into the EU (worth €85 billion) are counterfeited or pirated. The Commission also encourages licensing negotiations which are fair and balanced in rewarding companies for their innovation while allowing also others to build on this technology to generate new innovative products and services...
The measures adopted today include:
- Stepping up the fight against counterfeiting and piracy: The Commission seeks to deprive commercial-scale IP infringers of the revenue flows that make their criminal activity lucrative...With today's initiatives, the Commission aims to:
- Ensure an equally high level of legal protection and a predictable judicial framework across the EU...
- Encourage industry to fight IP infringements...
- Creating a fair and balanced system for Standard Essential Patents: Many key technologies that are part of global industry standards (such as WiFi or 4G) are protected by Standard Essential Patents (SEPs). Today the Commission offers guidance and recommendations for a balanced and efficient SEPs system where two objectives are reconciled: product manufacturers can access technologies under transparent and predictable licensing rules; and at the same time patent-holders are rewarded for their investments in R&D and standardisation activities so that they are incentivised to offer their best technologies for inclusion in standards... Full Story
NFC Forum Publishes 2017 Technical Specification ReleasePress Release
NFC Forum –December 1, 2017 - The NFC Forum announced today the completion, publication and availability of its 2017 Technical Specification Release. The 2017 Technical Specifications Release comprises 21 new or updated near field communication (NFC) technical specifications. The specifications feature the latest NFC technology and usability upgrades that significantly impact and advance functionality in a number of key areas for consumers and businesses, including mobile device interoperability, public transportation applications and the use of NFC Tags with IoT, retail, packaging, automotive, public transportation and other applications...The NFC Forum Technical Committee groups all Technical Specification versions into a single release to make clear the correct version to use when one specification references another... Full Story
HDMI 2.1 can support 10K resolution, assuming devices ever catch up
The Verge.com –November 30, 2017 - The HDMI Forum ...has officially released the next version of the HDMI standard: HDMI 2.1. The new standard was first announced earlier this year at CES 2017, but has now been finalized and released to companies to start integrating into devices.
The new standard supports a whole host of new video outputs including 4K video at 120Hz and 8K video at 60Hz, along with support for video at 10K resolution. But good luck finding anything to watch in that resolution...HDMI 2.1 is more a future-facing update than one that will directly affect current devices, seeing as we’re still just starting to reach the point where 4K video is becoming commonplace, to say nothing of 8K resolution or technologies like dynamic HDR video that HDMI 2.1 in theory will be able to support... Full Story
ACR's Data Science Institute to develop structured AI framework for rad practicesJohn Fischer
DOTMed.com –November 29, 2017 - The American College of Radiology (ACR) Data Science Institute (DSI) is set to introduce a framework, strategy and focus for turning artificial intelligence from a concept into an everyday practice in radiology.
ACR DSI will develop AI use cases for radiology using an open source framework to determine standards for training, testing, validating, integrating and monitoring AI algorithms in clinical practice, creating a standardized platform to build such cases for optimizing radiology practices and improving patient care...Development will take place in stages with the first step involving the construction of the open source standard framework which will be available to medical organizations, institutions and developers for building radiology uses cases around AI. Specific AI use cases will be based on standards that are necessary for meeting the needs of the specialty...
A standardized pathway for validating and certifying algorithms will be created to ensure their effectiveness and patient safety, and to assist in expediting FDA regulatory review processes. Plans also include the development of radiology workflow interoperability standards and pathways for incorporating AI algorithms into clinical workflow, as well as ongoing postmarket assessment of algorithm performance and effectiveness through an AI registry... Full Story
SECOND PATENT ADVISORY GROUP FOR WEB PAYMENTS WORKING GROUP LAUNCHED
W3C.org –November 29, 2017 - In accordance with the W3C Patent Policy, W3C has launched a Web Payments Working Group Patent Advisory Group (PAG) in response to disclosures related to specifications of the Web Payments Working Group; see the PAG charter. W3C launches a PAG to resolve issues in the event a patent has been disclosed that may be essential, but is not available under the W3C Royalty-Free licensing requirements. Public comments regarding these disclosures may be sent to email@example.com (public archive). Learn more about Patent Advisory Groups. Full Story