Standards News Portal
The Standards News Portal is updated on a daily basis to bring you the most
important news about standards - how they are created, how they affect you
- and who's doing what to whom. The Standards News Portal was launched in
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Quote of the Day:
Now is the time to resource and implement open data throughout the world
Sir Tim Berners-Lee, founder of the Open Web Foundation ...Full Story
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Latest News: From the Standards Blog
Open Standards, Move Over
Standards Blog - April 13, 2016:
...Well, that's a blog title I never expected to use here.
Back in 2003, over 800 blog posts ago, I decided to launch something I called the Standards Blog. Not surprisingly, it focused mostly on the development, implementation and importance of open standards. But I also wrote about other areas of open collaboration, such as open data, open research, and of course, open source software. Over time, there were more and more stories about open source worth writing, as well as pieces on the sometimes tricky intersection of open standards and open source.…
Latest News: From all Sources (sort by topic instead)
Xiamen Introduces IPR Support Policy
USITO.org Weekly – May 5, 2016: On April 26, Xiamen launched the first nationwide "Full Coverage" IPR Support and Incentive Policy, within the scope of patents, trademarks, copyrights, integrated circuit design, geographic indication and new plant varieties.
The main policy components include:
- Expanding the scope of overseas IPR registration subsidies to include the EU, US, and Japan as well as South Korea and Australia
- Establishing an IPR finance center to encourage IP financing
- Creating a risk compensation system for IPR ventures
- Creating a subsidy system for overseas IPR protection ...Full Story
Sir Tim Berners-Lee: data poverty is the next frontier of inequality
InformationAge – May 5, 2016: The lack of free access to government data – or 'data poverty' – is contributing to widening inequality around the world, according to Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
The inventor of the World Wide Web has called out governments for not doing enough to publish their data online, which can help combat corruption and result in vital new services for citizens....Fewer than 10% of the datasets surveyed were open, and most of these are in the rich world. Almost none are in African countries....According to the study, this 'data divide' is depriving developing countries of the information tools they need to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals on education, health, environment, and rule of law.... ...Full Story
Audit: DOT needs to act on vehicle cybersecurity
FedScoop – May 4, 2016: The Department of Transportation needs a clearer idea of what its responsibilities would be in a real-world cyberattack on connected cars or other vehicles, according to a new Government Accountability Office study.
The report, completed last month but only released on Monday, concludes that numerous interfaces standard in modern vehicles are susceptible to exploits that would allow hackers to gain control of safety-critical systems, including braking and steering.
The study surveyed 32 stakeholders in the automotive industry, including eight automakers, three vehicle cybersecurity firms and seven vehicle cybersecurity researchers. A chief concern among experts was that although the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration has established a vehicle cybersecurity program, the DOT at large has not determined a response method in the case of a catastrophic vehicle hack.... ...Full Story
Let's Encrypt Reaches 2,000,000 Certificates
Electronic Frontier Foundation – May 3, 2016: The Let's Encrypt certificate authority issued its two millionth certificate on Thursday, less than two months after the millionth certificate....each certificate can cover several web sites, so the certificates Let's Encrypt has issued are already protecting millions and millions of sites.
This rapid adoption has made Let's Encrypt one of the world's largest public certificate authorities by number of certificates issued, and almost all of them are protecting domains that never supported HTTPS before. The Internet needs to migrate away from the insecure HTTP protocol, and we're very pleased to be helping to make that possible....EFF co-founded the Let's Encrypt CA with Mozilla and researchers from the University of Michigan. Akamai and Cisco joined the project as founding sponsors, and many other organizations have stepped up to sponsor the project since launch.... ...Full Story
Web Storage (Second Edition) is a W3C Recommendation
W3C.org – May 2, 2016: The Web Platform Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of "Web Storage (Second Edition)." This specification defines an API for persistent data storage of key-value pair data in Web clients. It introduces two related mechanisms, similar to HTTP session cookies, for storing name-value pairs on the client side. The first mechanism is designed for scenarios where the user is carrying out a single transaction, but could be carrying out multiple transactions in different windows at the same time. The second mechanism is designed for storage that spans multiple windows, and lasts beyond the current session.... ...Full Story
Survey Highlights Security Concern Among IoT Developers
Programmable Web – April 29, 2016: According to the second annual IoT Developer Survey, security is the top concern of IoT developers. The survey, which polled 528 IoT developers, was conducted by the Eclipse IoT Working Group in partnership with the IEEE IoT and the AGILE-IoT research project.
Of developers working in organizations that have deployed IoT solutions, nearly half (48.3%) identified security as their leading concern. In the same group of respondents, interoperability and performance were the second and third biggest concerns, with 31.9% and 21%, respectively....
Not only can vulnerabilities in IoT applications be the source of privacy breaches, as the IoT extends its reach to things like cars, security vulnerabilities could theoretically put lives in danger....In this year's IoT Developer Survey, nearly half (46%) of those polled indicated that their company is developing and deploying IoT solutions, and 29% indicated that their company plans to within the next 18 months, suggesting that adoption of IoT technologies is accelerating.... ...Full Story
The advantages of open source in Internet of Things design
DesignWorldOnline – April 28, 2016: The Internet of Things is booming and with millions of devices to be connected over the coming years, many developers are focusing on the IoT opportunity....There are many commonalities between IoT solutions across different applications—the need for wireless connections, communication between devices and back-end systems, and data collection/interpretation are a few examples. But the proliferation of proprietary systems that are often in silos makes developing and building these solutions more complex and time consuming than needed. In a fast-moving, fragmented industry, open source technologies will play an increasingly fundamental role in mitigating these challenges and enabling seamless systems to further fuel innovation.
One way to circumvent the interoperability challenge is by establishing and using standards. Thoughtful and collaborative standardization improves choice and flexibility. As a result, developers can use devices from multiple vendors to build a solution that is innovative and meets their specific needs. We've outlined a few key channels that are essential to unlocking the potential of open source in IoT development.
Standards are necessary across the whole ecosystem and are being addressed by the industry in multiple ways. For example, industry standards organizations, like oneM2M (a consortium of industry stakeholders), has developed technical specifications to address the need for a common M2M Service Layer that can be embedded within various hardware and software and relied on to connect a wide range of devices to M2M application servers.
Another complementary approach to standards development is the release of designs and specifications into the open source community as open hardware and interface standards for others to adopt. Examples include Arduino, Raspberry Pi, and Beaglebone, which enable quick prototyping, as well as the mangOH open hardware reference design, an open source design that is more easily scalable in commercial settings and is built specifically for IoT cellular connectivity.
Open source platforms like these enable developers that may have limited hardware, wireless or low-level software expertise to start developing IoT applications in days—rather than months. If executed properly, these can significantly reduce the time and effort to get prototypes from paper to production by ensuring that various connectors and sensors work together automatically with no additional coding required. With industrial-grade specifications, these next-generation platforms not only allow quick prototyping, but also rapid industrialization of IoT applications.
On the software side, using widely supported open source software application frameworks and development environments, such as Linux—itself an open source solution—can be extremely helpful by providing developers the head start that is required to get a product to market faster. When it comes to proprietary solutions, support for its development framework tends to rest on the original vendor, whose agenda may not align with the needs of the community. Open source solutions ensure a future-proof investment and longevity, so that resources and tools are available and continually enhanced for years to come....
To further advance the industry, we must commit to a standards-based and open-source strategy. Not only will it continue to be critical to the health of IoT innovation, but it will lay the groundwork for real innovation. Just as it supported many other areas of technology development—including nothing less than the Internet itself—open standards are the key to realizing the unforeseen benefits of a more connected world. ...Full Story
ANSI Energy Efficiency Standardization Coordination Collaborative (EESCC) Releases Roadmap Progress Report
ANSI.org – April 27, 2016: The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Energy Efficiency Standardization Coordination Collaborative (EESCC) announced today the publication of a Progress Report detailing the standardization community's activity to advance recommendations outlined in the EESCC's Standardization Roadmap: Energy Efficiency in the Built Environment. Published in June 2014 to serve as a national framework for action and coordination, the roadmap identified gaps where standards and codes were needed to improve energy and water efficiency in the built environment.
Available as a free resource, the Progress Report features updates on 71 of the 109 standards-based gaps identified in the roadmap, demonstrating significant progress within the standardization community to advance energy and water efficiency through standards-based solutions. The report also includes a summary of all of the standards-based roadmap gaps, including those for which there is no known progress at this time, so that readers may easily identify opportunities to take action on closing the gaps.... ...Full Story
Anti-innovation: EU excludes open source from new tech standards
Ars Technica – April 27, 2016: As part of its Digital Single Market strategy, the European Commission has unveiled "plans to help European industry, SMEs, researchers and public authorities make the most of new technologies." In order to "boost innovation," the Commission wants to accelerate the creation of new standards for five buzzconcepts: 5G, cloud computing, internet of things, data technologies, and cybersecurity.
The key document is one entitled "ICT Standardisation Priorities for the Digital Single Market," which says: "Open standards ensure ... interoperability, and foster innovation and low market entry barriers in the Digital Single Market, including for access to media, cultural and educational content." The word "open" occurs 26 times in the document, and is also frequently found in the other "communications" just released by the European Commission: on digitising European industry (9 times), and on the European Cloud Initiative (50 times).
"Open" is generally used in the documents to denote "open standards," as in the quotation above. But the European Commission is surprisingly coy about what exactly that phrase means in this context. It is only on the penultimate page of the ICT Standardisation Priorities document that we finally read the following key piece of information: "ICT standardisation requires a balanced IPR [intellectual property rights] policy, based on FRAND licensing terms."...
The problem for open source is that standard licensing can be perfectly fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory, but would nonetheless be impossible for open source code to implement. Typically, FRAND licensing requires a per-copy payment, but for free software, which can be shared any number of times, there's no way to keep tabs on just how many copies are out there. Even if the per-copy payment is tiny, it's still a licensing requirement that open source code cannot meet....Ars has asked the European Commission for comment on its decision to use FRAND, rather than a royalty-free approach. We'll update this story when the EC responds.... ...Full Story
Open Data Barometer 2015: 5 European countries in the Top 10
EU Joinup – April 26, 2016: Five European countries ranked in the top 10 of the 2015 Open Data Barometer, recently published by the World Wide Web Foundation.
The UK is still at the top of the barometer, but is now followed by the USA and France, both ranked second. France, which was third in 2014, received good marks in three criteria: government action, political impact and, citizens and civil rights.
Denmark ranked 5th and moved up by four positions. The Netherlands ranked 7th and Sweden 9th, with both losing ground (-1 for the former, -6 for the latter)....Other conclusions from 2015 include the fact that "Open Data is entering the mainstream", with 55% of the 92 countries listed in the survey now having an open data initiative in place. However, almost 90% of data are still locked, the report said. Only 10% of the published data are open (following the open data definition) but are also of poor quality, "making it difficult for potential data users to access, process, and work with it effectively".
Lastly, this Open Data Barometer warns about "open-washing" behavior, which is "jeopardizing progress". "Open data initiatives cannot be effective if not supported by a culture of openness where citizens are encouraged to ask questions and engage, and are supported by a legal framework", the report said. "Disturbingly, in this edition we saw a backslide on freedom of information, transparency, accountability, and privacy indicators in some countries." ...Full Story
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