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Gesmer Updegrove has represented more than 184 standards consortia and open source foundations, including:
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Standard Setting Organizations
and Standards List


Click on a consortium name to view a description of that consortium and to access links that will take you to its homepage, supported standards and (if available) its IPR policy.


1355 Association
Promoted the IEEE 1355-1996 standard (ISO/IEC 14575) *Merged with ISTO

2550100 Alliance
Promotes the standards development work begun by the Ethernet Alliance and 25G Consortium

3D Industry Forum (3DIF)
Promoted 3D technology and standards *Dissolved and transferred standards and software to Ecma and SourceForge

88open Consortium
Developed standards intended to support the use of the Motorola 88000 series of RISC microprocessors *Inactive

Accredited Standards Committee X9
Develops and promotes standards for the financial services industry

ADA Standards Committee on Dental Informatics (SCDI)
Develops informatics standards and technical reports to assist the dental profession

Advanced Access Content System
Develops a specification for managing access to and copying of the post-DVD generation of optical discs

Advanced Function Presentation (AFP) Consortium
Develops and promotes the Advanced Function Presentation (AFP) architecture

Advanced Media Workflow Association, Inc. (AMWA)
Develops and promotes File Interchange Formats, including the Advanced Authoring Format (AAF)

Documented interoperability requirements for IP Telephony and Multimedia applications *Inactive

AltExchange Alliance
Develops and promotes a single data standard for sharing information in the private equity industry

American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS)
Develops and promotes the science of photogrammetry and remote sensing

Apache XML Project
Developed and promoted freely available XML support on a variety of platforms *Dissolved and moved to the Apache Attic in 2012

Application Service Provider Industry Consortium, Inc. (ASPIC)
Promoted and supported the application service provider industry *Merged with CompTIA in 2001

Association for Retail Technology Standards (ARTS)
Promotes and develops retail standards

Automotive Multimedia Interface Collaboration (AMIC)
Developed hardware and software interface standards for automotive information, communications and entertainment systems *Inactive

AUTOSAR Development Partnership
Develops open standards for automotive E/E architecture

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Promoted information sharing within the life sciences community based upon open source principles *Inactive

Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN)
Promotes biomedical research through data sharing and online collaboration (U.S.)

Blockchain Token Association
Promotes the development of global interoperability of security tokens

Broadband Content Delivery Forum (BCDF)
Developed solutions and promoted collaboration in identifying business and technology issues affecting end-to-end delivery of broadband content *Merged with the Service Creation Community (SCC) to form the Broadband Services Forum

Develops and promotes software application information exchange in the construction industry

Business Applications Performance Corporation (BAPCo)
Develops performance benchmarks based on computer applications and industry standard operating systems

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CAD Framework Initiative
Developed and promoted integrated circuits for design and manufacturing *Now Silicon Integration Initiative (Si2)

Calendaring and Scheduling Consortium (CalConnect)
Promotes interoperable calendaring and scheduling methodologies

CCIX Consortium
Promotes the adoption of an industry standard specification to enable coherent interconnect technologies between general-purpose processors and acceleration devices for heterogeneous computing

Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC)
Develops electronic standards for medical and biopharmaceutical development

Collision Industry Electronic Commerce Association (CIECA)
Develops collision industry information technology standards

Component Vendor Consortium (CVC)
Promoted the use of commercial software components and tools by developers *Dissolved in 2008

Computer and Communications Industry Association (CCIA)
Promotes competitive and fair open markets, open systems, and open networks

Computer Graphics Metafile Open Consortium (CGM Open)
Develops and promotes interoperable standards for the exchange of graphical information

Consortium for IT Software Quality (CISQ)
Develops and promotes a computable metrics standard for measuring software quality and size

Consortium Of Anti-Spyware Technology Vendors (COAST)
Promoted anti-spyware standards *Dissolved in 2005

Construction Open Software Alliance (COSA)
Develops and promotes an open standard in construction software applications

Consumer Electronics Linux Forum (CELF)
Promoted the use of the Linux platform for consumer electronics *Merged with the Linux Foundation in 2010

ControlNet International
Develops ControlNet technology and supports vendors and users of ControlNet products *Dissolved in 2008 and transferred support and management of ControlNet to Open DeviceNet Vendors Association

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DAISY Consortium
Maintains and promotes the DAISY Standard for Digital Talking Books

Data Center Markup Language Organization (DCML)
Promotes and maintains the DCML specification

Debian Project
Maintains and promotes the Debian GNU/Linux distribution

Decentralized Identity Foundation (DIF)
Develops open source specifications, protocols, formats and implementations for cross-chain rooting, indexing and resolution of decentralized identifiers, names and identity attestations.

Desktop Linux Consortium
Promoted the GNU/Linux operating system for desktop use *Inactive

Develops an open source digital goods standard for virtual items on the EOS blockchain

Promoted and developed guidelines based on the Intel Itanium processor to ensure interoperability *Inactive

Digital Analytics Association (DAA)
Promotes the education, professional development, and community around digital analytics

DVD Copy Control Association (DVD CCA)
Maintains and licenses the Content Scramble System (CSS) on DVD and Blu-rays to protect copyrighted material from theft

DVD Forum
Promotes and develops the DVD Format, its technical capabilities, improvements, and innovations

DVD Rewritable Alliance (DVD+RW)
Developed and promoted a universal rewritable DVD format *Inactive

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EAN.UCC System
Developed supply chain standards and numbering systems *Now GS1

Eclipse Foundation
Maintains an open-source community for building, deploying, and managing software

Electronic Design Automation (EDA) Consortium
Promotes the Electronics Design Automation (EDA) Industry

Electronic Health Records Association (EHR)
Promotes improvement of the quality of patient care and the health care system (U.S.)

Embedded Linux Consortium (ELC)
Developed, advanced, and promoted Linux standards *Merged with Linux Foundation in 2010

Emdebian Project
Develops and promotes a minimized version of Debian GNU/Linux, and additional tools, for use in embedded projects

Develops and promotes upstream oil and natural gas industry open data exchange standards

Energy Conservation and Home Network (ECHONET) Consortium
Develops ecologically friendly software and hardware for home communication

eNsemble Multi-Core Alliance
Developed and promoted high-performance networking equipment using multi-core processors

Enterprise Technology Management Association, (formerly TEMIA)
Promotes awareness, industry growth and development of standards to improve the quality and value of a range of enterprise solutions

Extend The Internet Alliance (ETI)
Developed networking and remote management solutions for intelligent devices *Inactive

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Fintech Open Source Foundation (FINOS)
Develops and promotes open source software development and common standards for the financial services industry

Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents (FIPA)
Develops software standards for physical agents and agent-based systems

Free Software Foundation (FSF)
Supports and promotes the free software movement

Free Standards Group (FSG)
Developed and promoted standards through the use of open source software *Merged with OSDL in 2007 to form The Linux Foundation

Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE) Consortium
Develops and promotes integration of portable capabilities across global defense programs

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GateD Consortium
Develops and promotes network routing protocol deployment

Gelato Federation
Developed computing solutions for Itanium Linux platform *Inactive since 2009

Ghent Workgroup
Develops and promotes process specifications for best practices in graphic arts workflows

Global Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Industry Forum (GIIF)
Promoted the growth of the ISDN industry *Inactive since 2005

GNU Project
Promotes the free GNU licensing model and hosts the Free Software Foundation

Green Computing Consortium (GCC)
Promotes the development of the green computing industry, conforming to the technological development trend of open source software and open hardware as means to provide users with green, energy-saving products based on Advanced RISC Machine

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Promoted a network architecture for Home Audio Video Interoperability *Inactive since 2001

Health Industry Business Communications Council (HIBCC)
Promotes electronic communications through the development of standards for information exchange among all health care trading partners

Health Information Technology Standards Panel (HITSP)
Develops and promotes standards for interoperability in healthcare (U.S.)

Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA) Foundation
Develops HSA-enabled platform and software solutions for the market

HomePlug Powerline Alliance
Develops and promotes powerline networks and products

HR-XML Consortium (HR-XML)
Develops and promotes a standard suite of XML specifications

HyperTransport Technology Consortium
Promotes HyperTransport technology specifications

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Infrared Data Association (IrDA)
Develops specifications for infrared wireless communication

Integration of Processes in Prepress, Press, and Postpress Organization (CIP4)
Develops standards for, and promotes the adoption of, process automation in the printing industry

International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI)
Defined and promoted information exchange specifications for buildings *Now BuildingSmart

International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (INEMI)
Promotes the global electronics manufacturing industry and develops related roadmaps and guidance

International MHEG Promotion Alliance (IMPALA)
Promotes public standard hybrid interactive TV middleware

International Software Escrow Association (ISEA)
Promotes and provides software escrow protection

IOTA Foundation
Promotes the use of blockchain technology to establish trust and enable interoperability and local data sharing among IoT devices

Develops and maintains an open source software framework enabling device-to-device connectivity to address the needs of the Internet of Things

IPC-2581 Consortium
Promotes adoption of the IPC-2581, a design data transfer language

IPv6 Forum
Promotes the IPv6 protocol

Itanium Solutions Alliance
Developed and promoted the adoption of Itanium-based solutions

IVI Foundation (Interchangeable Virtual Instruments)
Develops and promotes software standards for instrument interchangeability

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J Consortium, Inc.
Develops and promotes an open forum for setting Real Time Java standards

Japan Automotive Software Platform Architecture (JasPar)
Develops and promotes a uniform, interchangeable high-speed bus architecture for the Japanese car industry (Japan)

Java Card Forum (JCF)
Promotes Java as the programming language for multiple-application smart cards

Java Community Process (JCP)
Develops and promotes the use of Java technology in various formats
Promoted Jini Network Technology *Dissolved in 2011

Develops, maintains, and promotes standardization in the Information Technology industry

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Khronos Group
Develops open standards APIs

Kinetic Edge Alliance (KEA)
Promotes the design and deployment of edge computing

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Developed and promoted a non-proprietary data standard (LandXML) *Dissolved in 2012

LiMo Foundation
Developed and promoted an open Linux-based operating system for mobile devices *Now Tizen Association

Linux Foundation
Supports and promotes the growth of Linux
Supports and promotes further evolution of the Linux operating system

Local Interconnect Network Consortium (LIN)
Developed and promoted the Local Interconnect Network (LIN) Specification, a serial communication system for distributed electronic systems in vehicles *Inactive

LSB Project (LSB)
Promotes interoperability in Linux systems

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Mass Technology Leadership Council (MassTCL)
Promotes the fostering of entrepreneurship and the success of companies that develop and deploy technology across industry sectors

Material Data Management Consortium (MDMC)
Develops and applies software systems to address issues in the best-practice management, analysis, and use of materials information in enterprises in the aerospace, defense, and energy sectors

Media Oriented Systems Transport (MOST) Cooperation
Develops and promotes Media Oriented Systems Transport technology for the automotive industry

Messaging Anti-Abuse Working Group (MAAWG)
Promotes ongoing and emerging messaging abuse issues in the messaging industry

Metadata Working Group (MWG)
Develops and promotes the preservation and interoperability of digital image metadata

Mobile Imaging and Printing Consortium (MIPC)
Promoted interoperability across the hardware, software and wireless technologies and content providers involved in mobile imaging and printing *Inactive

Mobile Industry Processor Interface (MIPI) Alliance
Promotes open specifications for interfaces to mobile application processors

Develops benchmarking services for smartphones and tablets

Mopria Alliance
Develops and promotes standards for mobile printing

Multiband OFDM Alliance (MBOA)
Developed specifications based on ultrawideband-based technology *Merged with WiMedia Alliance in 2005

Multicore Association
Promotes open specifications to enable multicore product development

MultiFunction Products Association (MFPA)
Promoted the multifunction products industry *Inactive

Develops and promotes software standard that facilitates interoperability of business and automation applications used in electric utilities

MULTOS Consortium
Promotes the MULTOS specification in the smartcard industry

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National Cyber Security Partnership (NCSP)
Develops security strategies for US information infrastructure (U.S.)

National Industrial Information Infrastructure Protocols (NIIIP) Consortium
Developed standards for multi-vendor government contract fulfillment and other purposes *Inactive (U.S.)

Network IPS Product Developers Consortium (NIPD)
Develops, promotes, and certifies network intrusion prevention technology

Network Processing Forum (NPF)
Developed network processing standards for next-generation networking and telecommunications products *Merged with the Optical Internetworking Forum

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Promotes the OAuth Protocol specifications to publish and interact with protected data

Object Management Group (OMG)
Develops enterprise integration standards (including modeling standards such as UML and MDA) for a range of technologies and industries

Developed open source middleware *Merged with Orientware in 2005 to form OW2 Consortium

OLAP Council Ltd.
Develops the APB-1, an on-line analytical processing benchmark

Develops and promotes specifications to ensure the global functionality of machine-to-machine (M2M) communications systems

OPC Foundation
Promotes interoperability in automation

Open Applications Group (OAG)
Promotes best practices and standards for application integration

Open Data Center Alliance
Promotes the definition and standardization of requirements for next generation long term data centers and cloud infrastructure

Open Design Alliance
Develops and promotes the Teigha software platform

Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
Develops geo information systems standards

Open Group
Develops and promotes standards to increase business efficiency through information technology and interoperability, and operates certification programs standards and software, including the UNIX system

Open Mashup Alliance (OMA)
Promotes the adoption of mashup services and applications through evolution of enterprise mashup standards

Open Mobile Terminal Platform Group (OMTP)
Promoted advanced mobile platforms *Dissolved and transitioned its activities to GSM Association in 2012

Open Mobility Foundation (OMF)
Promotes and develops a governance structure around open-source mobility tools

Open NAND Flash Interface (ONFi)
Promotes and develops NAND Flash integration into consumer electronic products

Open Patent Alliance (OPA)
Promoted broader choice and competitive equipment and service costs for WiMAX technology, devices and applications *Dissolved in 2012

Open Security Exchange (OSE)
Promotes enterprise security management

Open Source And Industry Alliance (OSAIA)
Promoted and advocated for the interests of the open source community *Inactive

Open Source Applications Foundation (OSAF)
Promotes wide adoption of Open Source application software

Open Source Consortium (OSC)
Promotes the Open Source business community (United Kingdom)

Open Source Development Lab (OSDL)
Developed data center and telco class enhancement open source Linux developers *Merged with The Free Standards Group in 2007 to form The Linux Foundation

Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
Promotes and supports the collaborative development of open source geospatial software, and promotes its widespread use

Open Source Initiative (OSI)
Promotes and manages the Open Source definition and provides related licensing certification

Open Source Software Institute (OSSI)
Promotes the development and implementation of open-source software solutions

Open Standard for Public Transportation Alliance (OSPT)
Developed and promotes CIPURSE, an open standard secure transit fair collection solution

Open Standards Consortium for Real Estate (OSCRE)
Promotes a real estate data standard

Open SystemC Initiative (OSCI)
Promoted and supported an advanced SystemC as an open source standard for system-level design *Merged with Accellera in 2011 to form Accellera Systems Initiative

Open Virtualization Alliance (OVA)
Promotes awareness and understanding of Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM)

Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
Develops and promotes improvement in the security of application software

Open Web Foundation
Develops and promotes non-proprietary, open-source compatible specifications for web technologies

OpenAjax Alliance
Promoted the use and adoption of open, interoperable Ajax-based Web technologies *Dissolved in 2013

OpenAPI Initiative
Promotes open source Rest API formats

OpenBel Consortium
Maintains the OpenBEL Biological Expression Language

Develops a framework that simplifies all aspects of scientific data networking

OpenFabrics Alliance
Develops, tests, licenses and distributes cross-platform, open-source software for high-performance, low-latency computing

OpenIB Alliance
Developed, tested, licensed and distributed cross-platform, open-source software for high-performance, low-latency computing *Now OpenFabrics Alliance

Develops open source software for securing identity-based Web services based on Liberty Federation and Liberty Web Services standards

OpenMI Association
Promotes the development, use, management and maintenance of the Open Modelling Interface (OpenMI)

Develops and promotes high-level parallel language support for a wide range of applications

Promotes the compatibility and interoperability of Natural Interaction (NI) devices, applications and middleware
Promoted the use of Apache OpenOffice open source office suite software *Inactive

OpenSAF Foundation
Develops middleware based on open and industry standard interfaces for applications

Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute (ONAMI)
Develops and promotes research in nano- and micro-scale science and engineering

Organization for Machine Automation and Control (OMAC)
Develops and supports the machine automation and operational needs of manufacturing

Organization for Manufacturing Automation and Control (OMAC)
Promotes open architecture control technologies

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Forum (OFDM)
Developed and promoted a unified standard for OFDM technology *Inactive

OSGi Alliance
Develops specifications for modular assembly of software built with Java technology

OTA Flash Forum
Promoted the development and deployment of over-the-air (OTA) firmware update solutions for mobile phones *Inactive

OuterCurve Foundation
Promotes code exchange among software companies and open source communities, and hosts open source development projects

OW2 Consortium
Promotes the development of open-source middleware, generic business applications and cloud computing platforms

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Parlay Group
Developed and promoted application programming interfaces *Dissolved in 2007

PC Gaming Alliance (PCGA)
Promotes the growth and improvement of PC gaming

PDES, Inc.
Develops and promotes modeling data exchange standards

PDF Association
Promotes the exchange of information and experience in the area of long-term data archiving

Develops technology to ensure safe infrastructure upgrades

Develops, promotes and maintains programming standards for industrial controller and automation applications

PowerOpen Association
Developed interoperability standards and certification programs for IBM/Apple/Motorola PowerPC RISC Chip-based systems and software *Dissolved in 1995

Develops software to ensure and promote fair, transparent, and efficient header bidding across the publishing industry

Printer Working Group (PWG)
Promotes interoperability of printers with supporting systems and applications

Project Open Addressable Ready (OAR)
Promotes the development and deployment of an open standard for addressable advertising on connected TVs

ProSTEP iViP Association
Develops solutions and standards relating to product data management and virtual product creation

PSLX Consortium
Develops APS (Advanced Planning and Scheduling) standards for collaborative manufacturing

PXI Systems Alliance
Develops, promotes, and maintains the PXI Specification for the measurement and automation of PC technology

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Real Estate Standards Organization (RESO)
Develops and promotes data standards and processes for real estate transactions, including the Real Estate Transaction Standard (RETS)

RISC-V Foundation
Develops open source instruction set architecture (ISA) and related specifications

Develops standards for distribution of investment research by buy and sell side investment research firms

Russian Association for Networks and Services (RANS)
Promotes and coordinates the efforts of industry constituents in proposing technical and legal frameworks for developing ICT infrastructure and providing confidence & security in the use of ICT (Russia)

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Scope Alliance (SCOPE)
Promoted the deployment of carrier grade base platforms for service provider applications *Dissolved in 2012

SCSI Trade Association (STA)
Promotes the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) to the storage industry

Seamless Air Alliance
Promotes the introduction of technologies on board airplanes to enable passengers to seamlessly use their connected devices

Serial Port Memory Technology (SPMT)
Develops and maintains the SPMT specification and promotes designing and manufacturing mobile devices, integrated circuits, and semiconductor IP

Service Availability Forum (SAForum)
Develops and promotes availability and management software interface specifications

SIF Association / Access 4 Learning
Develops and promotes specifications for sharing of school and learning information (the SIF Implementation Specification)

Promoted single instruction, multiple data technology *Inactive

Small Form Factor Special Interest Group (SFF-SIG)
Develops, promotes, and maintains embedded computer standards for form factors and computer buses

Small Terminal Interoperability Platform (STIP) Consortium
Developed interoperable platform specifications for transaction devices, including smartcard devices *Merged with GlobalPlatform

Software Package Data Exchange (SPDX) Working Group
Develops, maintains, and promotes the SPDX specification

Software Productivity Consortium
Developed tools and processes to increase software quality *Now Systems and Software Consortium, Inc. (SSCI)

Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC)
Develops, maintains and promotes a standardized set of benchmarks that can be applied to high-performance computers.

Standards for Technology in Automotive Retail (STAR)
Promotes and develops open standards and standard architecture to support the delivery of secure messages between dealers and OEMs

SunSpec Alliance
Promotes technology innovation and growth in the solar photovoltaic and renewable energy industry through defining and promoting the adoption of open data standards

Sustainable Computing Consortium
Sought to improve software quality and security *Merged with Carnegie Mellon's CyLab Initiative in 2003

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T-Engine Forum
Develops, researches and promotes the T-Engine architecture
Maintains the registration authority for software identification tags (SWID tags)

TALQ Consortium
Develops and promotes a management software interface for Outdoor Lighting Networks

Telecommunications Information Networking Architecture Consortium (TINA-C)
Developed a common software architecture for telecommunications *Dissolved in 2000

Telework Consortium
Promoted ultra-bandwidth telework for public and private sectors *Inactive

The CAx Implementor Forum (CAx-IF)
Develops and promotes Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) translators

The Open Group Platform Forum
Develops and promotes the Single UNIX Specification, a platform infrastructure on which applications can be built with a focus on open standards for operating systems

The Open Group Real-time & Embedded Systems Forum
Develops and promotes high-assurance architecture models and standards, and corresponding certification, validation and training

TM Forum
Promotes business effectiveness for service providers and their suppliers

TRON Project
Develops a standard real-time operating system ( RTOS ) kernel that can be tailored to any embedded system in industries ranging from consumer products to industrial products

Trusted Computing Group (TCG)
Promotes, develops and defines open standards for hardware-enabled trusted computing and security technologies

Trusted IoT Alliance
Develop blockchain infrastructure to secure and scale internet of things environments

TV Anytime Forum
Developed audio-visual specifications for high-volume digital storage *Dissolved in 2005

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Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Forum
Promoted acceptance of the Common Signaling Mode (CSM) and Direct Sequence Ultra-Wideband (DS-UWB) in the marketplace *Dissolved in 2006

Unicode Consortium
Develops, extends, and promotes use of the Unicode Standard

Unified Communications Interoperability Forum
Develops and promotes interoperability of open standards-based unified communications hardware and software *Merged with IMTC in 2014

Unified EFI Forum (UEFI)
Promotes and maintains the UEFI standard

Developed a common base Linux distribution for enterprise use *Dissolved in 2004

Universal Home API Forum (UHAPI)
Promoted the Universal Home API specification *Inactive

Universal Stylus Initiative (USI)
Develops industry-wide standards for interoperable communication between stylus and touch-enabled devices such as phones, tablets, and computing and entertainment platforms

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Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA)
Promotes and develops display and display interface standards

Virtual Private Network Consortium (VPNC)
Promoted and supported the VPN vendor community by acting as its trade association and promoting vendor products *Inactive as of 2015

VoiceXML Forum
Promotes the Voice Extensible Markup Language (VoiceXML)

VSI Alliance (VSIA)
Developed standards and business processes for System-on-Chip (SoC) development *Dissolved in 2008

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Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG)
Develops HTML application specifications

Web Services Interoperability Organization (WS-I)
Promoted Web services interoperability across platforms, operating systems and programming languages *Merged with OASIS

Wholesale Applications Community (WAC)
Promoted mobile software open platforms for application interoperability *Dissolved and integrated programs and initiatives into the GSM Association (GSMA) in 2012

Wireless Industrial Networking Alliance (WINA)
Promotes the adoption of wireless technologies in the industrial sector; identifies, recommends and certifies appropriate wireless technologies

Wireless Innovation Forum
Develops deployment and use of open architectures for advanced wireless systems

Workflow Management Coalition (WfMC)
Develops and promotes workflow management standards

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Maintains the X Windows system, a Unix-based interface

XFree86 Project, Inc.
Promoted XFree86, an open source X11-based desktop infrastructure *Dissolved in 2003

Xiph.Org Foundation
Develops and promotes open source, multimedia related projects

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