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Gesmer Updegrove has represented more than 184 standards consortia and open source foundations, including:
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Standard Setting Organizations
and Standards List

Promotional & Trade Associations

Most consortia promote standards as well as set them, while others are formed purely to promote a standard(s) or to educate users or technical staff about a standard(s). Still others seek to coordinate the efforts of consortia and SDOs, or to promote new business models (e.g., web services). Click on an organization's name to view a description of that organization and to access links that will take you to its homepage and any standards that it promotes.


10 Gigabit Ethernet Alliance
Promotes the introduction of the 10 Gigabit Ethernet into the networking market

100VG-Anylan Forum
Promoted the 100VG-AnyLan, IEEE 802.12 standard *Inactive

1355 Association
Promoted the IEEE 1355-1996 standard (ISO/IEC 14575) *Merged with ISTO

1394 High Performance Serial Bus Trade Association
Promotes adoption of the IEEE 1394 Serial Bus standard

3D Industry Forum (3DIF)
Promoted 3D technology and standards *Dissolved and transferred standards and software to Ecma and SourceForge

3G Americas
Supported five major wireless technologies and their 3G migration (North America/South America) *Now 4G Americas

3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)
Develops and maintains mobile (GSM) and radio access technology specifications (GPRS and EDGE)

Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL)
Develops standards for advanced distributed learning

Advanced Switching Interconnect SIG (ASI SIG)
Developed and promoted a switched fabric interconnect standard *Dissolved and transferred its specifications and documentation to PICMG in 2007

Aerospace Industries Association (AIA)
Promotes policies, strategies and standards relating to aerospace and defense industries (U.S.)

African Regional Organization for Standardization (ARSO)
Promotes standardization activities in Africa (Africa)

Promotes advance designing as a professional craft

Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS)
Develops and promotes telecom standards, operating procedures, and guidelines (North America)

American Council for Technology (ACT) - Industry Advisory Council (IAC)
Promotes information resources management products and services to the government (U.S.)

American Petroleum Institute (API)
Promotes and represents the oil and natural gas industry (U.S.)

American Public Power Association (APPA)
Promotes the interests of community-owned electric utilities and their users (U.S.)

Promotes consumer-oriented technical expertise and advice (Europe)

Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG)
Promotes anti-phishing activities and compiles industry data

Application Home Initiative (TAHI)
Developed solutions for issues surrounding connected homes *Now the Smart Homes & Buildings Association

Application Service Provider Industry Consortium, Inc. (ASPIC)
Promoted and supported the application service provider industry *Merged with CompTIA in 2001

ARCNET Trade Association (ATA)
Promotes the use of ARCNET technology

ARMA International
Develops and promotes education and training for records and information management professionals

Asia Cloud Computing Association
Promotes the adoption of cloud computing in Asia (Asia)

ASIS International (ASIS)
Promotes the security management profession

Association Connecting Electronic Industries (IPC)
Promotes the electronic interconnect industry

Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility (AIM)
Promotes the growth and use of AIDC technologies and services

Association for Cooperative Operations Research and Development (ACORD)
Develops standards for the insurance industry

Association for Information and Image Management (AIIM)
Develops enterprise content standards

Association for Retail Technology Standards (ARTS)
Promotes and develops retail standards

Association for Suppliers of Printing, Publishing and Converting Technologies (NPES)
Develops services and provides support for providers of printing, publishing and converting technologies

Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)
Promotes the understanding and beneficial use of medical instrumentation

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies (AEIC)
Develops and promotes solutions to problems of electric utilities

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM)
Trade Association representing home appliance manufacturers

Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB)
Develops and promotes standardization of new radio systems (Japan)

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Forum (DSL Forum)
Promoted DSL broadband adoption *Now the Broadband Forum

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Forum
Promoted the Asynchronous Transfer Mode and other broadband technologies *Now the Broadband Forum

ATM Local Telephony Alliance (ALTA)
Developed and promoted hardware and software solutions for local networks by using asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) technology *Inactive

Australian Communications Industry Forum (ACIF)
Developed and promoted technical and operating arrangements in the Australian communications industry (Australia) *Merged with Service Providers Association, Inc. to form Communications Alliance LTD

Automated Imaging Association (AIA)
Develops and promotes vision and imaging technologies

Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG)
Promotes the automotive industry

AUTOSAR Development Partnership
Develops open standards for automotive E/E architecture

AVnu Alliance
Promotes the adoption of the IEEE 802.1 Audio/Video bridging (AVB) standards

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Promoted blade server solutions *Dissolved in 2012

Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA)
Promotes Blu-ray Disc technology for use in DVD media and players

Bluetooth SIG
Promotes the implementation of Bluetooth wireless technology

Book Industry Study Group (BISG)
Develops and promotes standards, practices, research and events related to both print and digital publishing

British Interactive Multimedia Association (BIMA)
Promotes and represents the UK interactive and digital media industry (United Kingdom)

Broadband Content Delivery Forum (BCDF)
Developed solutions and promoted collaboration in identifying business and technology issues affecting end-to-end delivery of broadband content *Merged with the Service Creation Community (SCC) to form the Broadband Services Forum

Broadband Services Forum
Promoted growth and collaboration in the broadband industry *Now the Broadband Forum

Building Industry Consulting Service International (BICSI)
Maintains a professional association supporting the information transport systems (ITS) industry

Business Performance Innovation (BPI) Network
Promotes business performance management (BPM) solutions

Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI)
Developed standards to promote BPM on the network and internet *Merged with the Open Management Group in 2005 to form the Business Modeling and Integration Domain Task Force

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Cable Europe
Promotes digital TV, broadband internet and telephony collaborative services (Europe)

Calendaring and Scheduling Consortium (CalConnect)
Promotes interoperable calendaring and scheduling methodologies

Camera and Imaging Products Association (CIPA)
Promotes solutions to issues concerning the Camera and Imaging Products industry

Car2Car Communication Consortium
Develops and promotes inter-vehicle communications standards to increase road traffic safety and efficiency (Europe)

Cellular Telecommunications & Internet Association (CTIA)
Develops positions on issues of importance to the wireless industry and promotes the expansion of the "wireless frontier"

Chemical Industry Data Exchange (CIDX)
Promoted Chem eStandards and advocated for the chemical industry *Merged with the Open Application Group, Inc (OAGi) and the American Council's Chemical Information Technology Center (Chem ITC) in 2008

China Electronics Standardization Institute (CESI)
Develops scientific research to support standardization in the field of electronics and the IT industry (China)

Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC)
Develops electronic standards for medical and biopharmaceutical development

Cloud Security Alliance (CSA)
Promotes security assurance within Cloud Computing

Coalition for Healthcare eStandards Inc. (CHeS)
Promoted standards for health care supply chain transactions over the Internet *Dissolved in 2008 and transferred all assets to the Health Industry Group Purchasing Association (HIGPA)

Collaborative Electronic Notebook Systems Association (CENSA)
Promoted electronic recordkeeping systems standards *Inactive

Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP)
Promotes energy efficiency standards and labeling worldwide

Develops and promotes new eCommerce technologies and business practices

Common Criteria User Forum
Promotes the Common Criteria certification and improves the certification/validation process

CommonWell Health Alliance
Develops and promotes interoperability in the health care industry

Communications Alliance LTD
Promotes converging networks, technologies and services (Australia)

Communications Platform Trade Association (CP-TA)
Promoted accelerating the adoption of open specification-based xTCA communications platforms *Dissolved and transferred assets to PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group (PICMG) in 2011

Compliance Consortium Corporation
Maintains a program to assist organizations and governmental agencies with their federally mandated anti-drug and alcohol misuse programs (U.S.)

Component Vendor Consortium (CVC)
Promoted the use of commercial software components and tools by developers *Dissolved in 2008

Computer and Communications Industry Association (CCIA)
Promotes competitive and fair open markets, open systems, and open networks

Computer Graphics Metafile Open Consortium (CGM Open)
Develops and promotes interoperable standards for the exchange of graphical information

Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA)
Develops and promotes standards in computing and communications industries

Connected Lighting Alliance
Promotes the development of open-standard wireless lighting solutions

Consortium for the Barcode of Life (CBOL)
Promotes and develops barcoding technology for taxonomic research and biodiversity issues

Consortium of Digital Forensic Specialists (CDFS)
Develops and promotes technical standards for digital forensics

Consumer Electronics Association (CEA)
Promotes the consumer electronics industry (U.S.)

Consumer Electronics for Automotive (CE4A)
Promotes an active standardization of mobile device interfaces

Content Alliance
Promoted and fostered interoperability of Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) *Inactive

Content Reference Forum (CRF)
Promoted digital content distribution specifications *Inactive

ControlNet International
Develops ControlNet technology and supports vendors and users of ControlNet products *Dissolved in 2008 and transferred support and management of ControlNet to Open DeviceNet Vendors Association

Council of European Professional Informatics Societies (CEPIS)
Develops and promotes standards among informatics professionals (Europe)

Cyber Security Industry Alliance (CSIA)
Developed and promoted enhanced cyber security *Merged with AeA, ITAA, and GEIA in 2009 to form Tech America

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DARPA Agent Markup Language (DAML)
Developed, maintained, and promoted the use of the DARPA Agent Markup Language (DAML) *Dissolved in 2006

DASH Promoters Group
Develops and promotes the adoption of the MPEG-DASH standard in the market

DASH7 Alliance
Promotes the use of DASH7 wireless data technology

Data Transparency Coalition (DTC)
Promotes and advocates for the publication of federal data online in consistent, machine-readable formats

Demand Response and Smart Grid Coalition (DRSG)
Promotes the development of smart grid technologies to better manage electricity usage

Desktop Linux Consortium
Promoted the GNU/Linux operating system for desktop use *Inactive

Device Renewal Forum (DFR)
Developed and promoted growth of the device renewal market *Inactive

Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA) Self-Regulatory Program
Promotes understanding of and greater control over ads that are customized based on online behavior

Digital Audio Visual Counsel (DAVIC)
Promoted audio-visual interoperable standards *Dissolved in 1999

Digital Cinema Initiatives, LLC (DCI)
Develops digital cinema specifications

Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications Forum (DECT)
Promotes digitally enhanced cordless technology

Digital Interoperability Forum (DIF)
Promotes interactive digital television and multimedia services (Europe)

Digital Production Partnership (DPP)
Promotes the transition to fully digital production and distribution in television (U.K.)

Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM)
Promotes the digitizing of AM bands below 30 MHz

Digital Watermarking Alliance (DWA)
Promotes digital watermarking solutions

Promotes economic growth and social progress in the EU (Europe)

DSL Forum (DSLF)
Promoted the development of broadband DSL *Now the Broadband Forum

DVD Forum
Promotes and develops the DVD Format, its technical capabilities, improvements, and innovations

Dynamic Spectrum Alliance Limited
Promotes the adoption of laws and regulations that increase dynamic access to unused radio spectrum

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e-CENTRE (now GS1 UK)
Promoted business data standards to facilitate e-commerce (United Kingdom) *Now GS1 UK

Ecma International
Develops and promotes standardization of information and communication systems

EDI Forum for Companies with Interest in Computing and Electronics (EDIFICE)
Promotes standards and practices in e-business

Edison Electric Institute (EEI)
Promotes the interests of investor-owned electric companies

EHR / HIE Interoperability Workgroup
Develops and promotes the adoption of EHR and HIE services

Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Promotes research and development relating to the generation, delivery and use of electricity for the benefit of the public

Electrification Leadership Council
Develops and promotes a comprehensive national model for electric vehicle (EV) deployment

Electronic Commerce Promotion Council of Japan (ECOM)
Developed and maintained standards for electronic commerce for use in B2B and B2C arenas (Japan) *Dissolved in 2010

Electronic Design Automation (EDA) Consortium
Promotes the Electronics Design Automation (EDA) Industry

Electronic Industries Alliances (EIA)
Promoted market and standards development and competitiveness in the U.S. high-tech industry (U.S.) *Dissolved in 2010 and transferred standards maintenance to the Electric Components Association (ECA)

Electronic Messaging Association (EMA)
Developed and promoted standards for secure electronic messaging *Merged with the Open Group in 2001

Embedded Linux Consortium (ELC)
Developed, advanced, and promoted Linux standards *Merged with Linux Foundation in 2010

Embedded Vision Alliance (EVA)
Promotes embedded vision technology usage by embedded system designers

Develops and promotes upstream oil and natural gas industry open data exchange standards

Energy Conservation and Home Network (ECHONET) Consortium
Develops ecologically friendly software and hardware for home communication

EnOcean Alliance
Develops and promotes wireless standards for self-powered wireless monitoring and control systems for sustainable buildings

Enterprise Computer Telephony Forum (ECTF)
Promoted interoperability in the computer telephony industry *Inactive

Enterprise Grid Alliance
Developed enterprise grid solutions *Merged with the Global Grid Forum in 2006 to become the Open Grid Forum

Entertainment Services & Technology Association (ESTA)
Promoted the North American entertainment technology industry (North America) *Merged with the Professional Lighting and Sound Association (PLASA) in 2010

Supports the development of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)

Ethernet Alliance
Promotes the advancement of technology and products based on existing and emerging IEEE 802 Ethernet standards

Ethernet User Alliance
Promoted the Ethernet Standard *Inactive

European Broadcasting Union (EBU)
Promotes and represents the European broadcasting industry (Europe)

European Committee for Banking Standards (ECBS)
Developed and promoted the European banking and credit sector (Europe) *Dissolved in 2006 and transferred its functions to the European Payments Council (EPC)

European Cooperation for Space Standardization (ECSS)
Develops standards for European space activities (Europe)

European Data Centre Association (EUDCA)
Develops and promotes data center industry improvements (Europe)

European Electronic Messaging Association (EEMA)
Promotes electronic commerce and business communications (Europe)

European Forum for Energy Business Information Exchange (ebIX)
Develops standards for the energy industry (Europe)

European Information and Communication Technology Industry Association (EICTA)
Promoted the European information and communication technology industry *Merged with the European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers in 2001 to form DigitalEurope (Europe)

European Machine Vision Association (EMVA)
Promotes the development of standards for the machine vision industry (Europe)

European Photonic Industry Consortium (EPIC)
Promotes the photonic industry (Europe)

European Smart Card Industry Association (EUROSMART)
Promotes smart cards and smart card systems and standards (Europe)

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Fibre Channel Industry Association (FCIA)
Develops and promotes networking standards and infrastructure

Fieldbus Foundation
Develops and maintains the fieldbus digital communications and integrated system architecture

Financial Services Roundtable (FSR)
Promotes the US financial system through advocacy and forums (U.S.)

FlexTech Alliance
Promotes the growth of the electronic display and flexible, printed electronics supply chain

Free Software Foundation (FSF)
Supports and promotes the free software movement

Future of Broadcast Television (FOBTV)
Develops and promotes a unified next-generation broadcast television system

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Gaming Standards Association (GSA)
Develops and promotes standards for the gaming industry

German Institute for Standardization (DIN, Deutsches Institut for Normung)
Promotes German standards and represents German interests at international and European levels (Germany)

Global Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Industry Forum (GIIF)
Promoted the growth of the ISDN industry *Inactive since 2005

Global Mobile Commerce Forum (GMCF)
Promoted the development of mobile commerce services *Inactive

Global Semiconductor Alliance (GSA)
Develops and promotes the growth and profitability of the semiconductor industry

Global System for Mobile Association (GSMA)
Promotes the creation of a global wireless communications network

GNU Project
Promotes the free GNU licensing model and hosts the Free Software Foundation

Government Electronics & Information Technology Association (GEIA)
Promoted the interests of the U.S. electronics, communications and information technology industries (U.S.) *Merged with AeA, CSIA, and ITAA in 2009 to form TechAmerica

GS1 US Apparel and General Merchandise Initiative
Promotes improving business processes and supply chain visibility

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HDMI Forum
Develops and promotes the HDMI Specification and related Compliance Test Specification

High Definition Closed Circuit Television (HDcctv) Alliance
Promotes HDcctv technology and manages interface standards

High Tech Broadband Coalition (HTBC)
Promoted the development of broadband technology *Inactive

Home Gateway Initiative (HGI)
Develops and promotes home gateway specifications

Hotel to Hospitality
Develops and promotes partnership among hoteliers and technology providers

HyperTransport Technology Consortium
Promotes HyperTransport technology specifications

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IDB Forum
Promoted the global integration of IDB networking *Inactive

IEEE Computer Society (IEEECS)
Provides technical information and services to computing professionals

IFRS Foundation
Develops and promotes national accounting standards

IMS Forum
Develops and promotes the advancement of IP Multimedia Subsystem applications and services interoperability

IMS Global Learning Consortium, Inc. (IMS)
Develops and promotes the adoption of open technical specifications for interoperable learning technology

Independent Association of Accredited Registers (IAAR)
Promotes accredited management system assessment by acting as a resource for organizations developing management assessment based programs

India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF)
Promotes the development of smart grid technologies in India (India)

Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC)
Promotes and maintains collaborative efforts of industry, academia, and government to accelerate growth of the Industrial Internet

InfiniBand Trade Association (ITA)
Promotes the InfiniBand architecture

InfoComm International
Promotes the professional audiovisual and information communications industries

Information Technology Industry Council (ITIC)
Represents U.S. providers of information technology products and services (U.S.)

InLocation Alliance
Supports and promotes the development and adoption of indoor positioning solutions

Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers (IEEE)
Develops, maintains, and promotes technology standards in multiple industries

Integration Consortium
Promoted and educated the industry regarding integration solutions within and between organizations using Internet-standard protocols and formats *Disbanded in 2009

Integration of Processes in Prepress, Press, and Postpress Organization (CIP4)
Develops standards for, and promotes the adoption of, process automation in the printing industry

Intelligent Transportation Society of America (ITSA)
Promotes research and development of Intelligent Transportation Systems to improve surface transportation systems (U.S.)

Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB)
Promotes interactive media to increase market share

Interactive Financial eXchange (IFX) Forum
Develops and promotes the adoption of IFX, an interoperable financial data exchange

Interactive Multimedia Association (IMA)
Developed and promoted multimedia standards *Dissolved in 1998

Developed resources to support British businesses in e-commerce (United Kingdom) *Inactive

International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)
Develops and promotes financial industry reporting standards

International Association of Managed Service Providers (MSPAlliance)
Promotes the Managed Services industry

International Digital Enterprise Alliance (IDEAlliance)
Develops standards and promotes best practices for publishing and content-related processes

International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
Promotes the development of electronic publishing

International Disk Drive Equipment and Materials Association (IDEMA)
Promotes and supports the hard disk drive industry

International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP)
Promotes the computing and communications industry relating to information technology

International Hologram Manufacturers Association (IHMA)
Develops and promotes the use of holograms and holographic technology

International Imaging Industry Association (I3A)
Promoted and set open standards for the imaging industry *Merged with IEEE in 2012

International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Develops regulatory frameworks for the shipping industry

International Multimedia Telecommunication Consortium (IMTC)
Promotes telecommunications media

International MVNOx Association (iMVNOx)
Promotes and supports the MVNO industry

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Promotes the development of standardization and related activities around the world to facilitate the international exchange of goods and services

International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC)
Develops and maintains standards in the news industry

International Standard for Integrated Sustainability (ISIS)
Develops and promotes a sustainability standard for natural resources

Internet Industry Association (IIA)
Promoted the Internet industry (Australia) *Now Communications Alliance Ltd

Internet Security Alliance (ISAlliance)
Develops and promotes cyber security

Internet Society (ISOC)
Promotes and supports Internet infrastructure and Internet-related activities

Internet Streaming Media Alliance (ISMA)
Developed and promoted specifications to enable streaming media over the Internet *Merged with MPEGIF in 2010

Interoperability Clearinghouse (ICH)
Promotes mechanisms for assuring the successful implementation of enterprise technology solutions

Interoperable Informatics Infrastructure Consortium (I3C)
Developed and promoted informatics solutions for life science products *Dissolved in 2012

Interoperable PDK Libraries (IPL) Alliance
Develops and promotes an industry initiative to establishes an interoperable eco-system in custom design

IPSO Alliance
Develops and promotes IP as the protocol for sensor and control networks, or "smart objects"

IT Service Management Forum (itSMF)
Develops and promotes IT service management "best practices," standards, and qualifications

iVDR Consortium
Develops and promotes a removable hard drive disk compatible with a broad range of electronic devices (Asia)

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J Consortium, Inc.
Develops and promotes an open forum for setting Real Time Java standards

Japan Industrial Imaging Association (JIIA)
Develops and promotes technological innovation of industrial imaging (Japan)

Japan Smart Community Alliance (JSCA)
Promotes the domestic and overseas dissemination of smart community technologies (Japan)

Japanese Standards Association (JSA)
Promotes Japanese standards through education and certification programs (Japan)

Java Card Forum (JCF)
Promotes Java as the programming language for multiple-application smart cards

Java Community Process (JCP)
Develops and promotes the use of Java technology in various formats

JEDEC Solid State Technology Association
Develops standards for the microelectronics industry

Develops, maintains, and promotes standardization in the Information Technology industry

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Korea Smart Grid Standardization Forum
Promotes private sector cooperation for standardization and Jeju Smart Grid test-bed consortia (S. Korea)

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Laser Illuminated Projector Alliance (LIPA)
Develops and promotes laser-based projection techniques

Learning Content Management System (LCMS) Council
Promoted market awareness of learning content management system infrastructures *Inactive

Linux Foundation
Supports and promotes the growth of Linux

LonMark International
Develops and promotes integration of open, multi-vendor control systems utilizing ANSI/EIA/CEA 709.1 and related standards

LoRa Alliance
Promotes the LoRa protocol for wireless battery operated Things in regional, national or global Internet of Things networks

LSB Project (LSB)
Promotes interoperability in Linux systems

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Machinery Information Management Open System Alliance (MIMOSA)
Develops and promotes the adoption of open information standards for Operations and Maintenance in manufacturing, fleet, and facility environments

Mass Technology Leadership Council (MassTCL)
Promotes the fostering of entrepreneurship and the success of companies that develop and deploy technology across industry sectors

MB Project
Promoted medical data banking through internal research and cross-industry outreach forums *Dissolved and transferred operations to HIMSS in 2009

Develops and promotes technology standards for the health professions

Media Networking Alliance
Promotes and supports adoption of the AES67-2013 standard

Medical Alert Monitoring Association (MAMA)
Promotes the needs of the medical alert monitoring and personal emergency response services industry

Mobey Forum
Promotes the use of mobile technology in financial services

Mobile Computing Promotion Consortium (MCPC)
Promotes the mobile computing market (Japan)

Mobile Data Association (MDA)
Promotes all mobile data centric businesses, vendors and users

Mobile Enterprise Alliance (MEA)
Promoted mobile enterprise *Dissolved in 2007

Mobile Industry Processor Interface (MIPI) Alliance
Promotes open specifications for interfaces to mobile application processors

Mobile Marketing Research Association (MMRA)
Promotes and develops professional standards and ethics for conducting marketing research on mobile devices

Mobile Payment Forum (MPF)
Developed standards for mobile commerce using payment card accounts *Inactive

Mobile Phone Security Industry Association (MPSIA)
Promoted the use and application of mobile and cellular technology within the security industry *Inactive

Mopria Alliance
Develops and promotes standards for mobile printing

Mortgage Industry Standards Maintenance Organizations (MISMO)
Develops, promotes and maintains electronic commerce standards for the mortgage industry

MPEG Industry Forum (MPEGIF)
Promoted the MPEG-4 standard *Merged with the Open IPTV Forum in 2012

MPLS and Frame Relay Alliance
Promoted the deployment of multi-vendor, multi-service label switching networks and associated applications *Now the Broadband Forum

Multiband OFDM Alliance (MBOA)
Developed specifications based on ultrawideband-based technology *Merged with WiMedia Alliance in 2005

Multicore Association
Promotes open specifications to enable multicore product development

Multimedia Communications Forum (MMCF)
Developed multimedia communications architectures and solutions *Inactive

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National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC)
Promotes the interests of state public service commissions who regulate the utilities that provide essential services (U.S.)

National Association of Finite Element Methods and Standards (NAFEMS)
Promotes the use of finite element technology

National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
Promotes and develops standards for the electrical industry

National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology of Brazil (INMETRO)
Develops and maintains standards for Brazilian enterprises (Brazil)

Natural Security Alliance
Manages, maintains and enhances the Natural Security strong authentication specifications

Near Field Communication Forum (NFC Forum)
Develops and promotes near field wireless communication technology

Network Centric Operations Industry Consortium (NCOIC)
Promotes the adoption of existing and emerging cross-domain interoperability standards

Network Processing Forum (NPF)
Developed network processing standards for next-generation networking and telecommunications products *Merged with the Optical Internetworking Forum

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One Platform Foundation
Develops and promotes resources to help developers of Android applications

Open AXIS Group
Promotes XML as the optimal electronic messaging structure for airline system connectivity worldwide

Open Charge Alliance (OCA)
Promotes and provides a forum for the development of the Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP), a standard for uniform communications between Electric Vehicle (EV) charge points and the central management system

Open Cloud Initiative (OCI)
Promotes open cloud computing

Open Core Protocol International Partnership (OCP-IP)
Promotes and supports the Open Core Protocol (OCP)

Open Deal Format (ODF) Working Group
An open standard to streamline the exchange of group buying offer information *Inactive

Open DeviceNet Vendor Association (ODVA)
Develops and supports network technologies built on the Common Industrial Protocol

Open eBook Forum (OeBF)
Established specifications and standards for electronic publishing *Now the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)

Open Grid Forum (OGF)
Promotes global standardization of grid computing

Open Mobile Terminal Platform Group (OMTP)
Promoted advanced mobile platforms *Dissolved and transitioned its activities to GSM Association in 2012

Open Networking Foundation (ONF)
Promotes and develops Software-Defined Networking (SDN) through open standards development

Open Security Exchange (OSE)
Promotes enterprise security management

Open Source Consortium (OSC)
Promotes the Open Source business community (United Kingdom)

Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
Promotes and supports the collaborative development of open source geospatial software, and promotes its widespread use

Open Source Hardware Association (OSHWA)
Promotes the expansion of open source hardware

Open SystemC Initiative (OSCI)
Promoted and supported an advanced SystemC as an open source standard for system-level design *Merged with Accellera in 2011 to form Accellera Systems Initiative

OpenADR Alliance
Promotes OpenADR standards throughout the energy industry

OpenForum Europe
Promotes open source solutions within the European business community (Europe)

Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF)
Promotes the development and deployment of interoperable products and services for data switching and routing using optical networking technologies

Develops, maintains, and promotes open standards for the automotive industry

OTA Flash Forum
Promoted the development and deployment of over-the-air (OTA) firmware update solutions for mobile phones *Inactive

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Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC)
Promotes standardization and standards preparation and conformance for Pacific Rim countries (Pacific Rim)

Pan American Standards Commission (COPANT)
Promotes the development of technical standardization in its member countries (Americas)

Develops and promotes supply chain communication standards for the paper and forest product industry

Parlay Group
Developed and promoted application programming interfaces *Dissolved in 2007

Performance Marketing Association, Inc. (PMA)
Promotes the profile of performance marketing

Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interests Group (PCI-SIG)
Maintains and promotes PCI bus specifications

Personalization Consortium, Inc. (PCI)
Promoted best practices relating to the use of Personal Information on the Internet *Inactive

Petroleum Industry Data Exchange (PIDX) International
Promotes standards related to the oil and gas industry

Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement
Promotes evidence-based performance measures in the healthcare industry (U.S.)

Picture Services Network (PSN)
Developed the PSN Directory of digital imaging service providers *Inactive

Develops, promotes and maintains programming standards for industrial controller and automation applications

Portable Computer and Communications Association (PCCA)
Promotes the mobile computing industry

PRIME Alliance
Develops and promotes a narrowband power line standard for Smart Grid products and services

Printer Working Group (PWG)
Promotes interoperability of printers with supporting systems and applications

Project 25 Technology Interest Group (PTIG)
Promotes P25 standards and related technologies

PXI Systems Alliance
Develops, promotes, and maintains the PXI Specification for the measurement and automation of PC technology

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QuEST Forum
Develops and promotes operational and supply chain quality and performance

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Promoted a common foundation for secure m-commerce *Merged with the Liberty Alliance in 2003

RAIN promotes awareness, education, and initiatives to accelerate UHF RFID growth and adoption in business and consumer applications worldwide

RapidIO Trade Association
Develops and promotes the RapidIO Interconnect Architecture for high-performance packet-switched, interconnect technology

Real Estate Standards Institute (RESI)
Developed and promoted a comprehensive set of real estate standards of practice *Inactive

Regional Alliance for Infrastructure and Network Security (RAINS)
Contributed to national security mobilization (U.S.) *Inactive

RFID International Business Association (RFIDba)
Promotes the global RFID industry

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SAE International
Develops and promotes standards for engineering professionals in various industries

Safety Equipment Institute (SEI)
Promotes public safety through certification and testing of safety and protective products used occupationally and recreationally

Seamless Converged Communication Across Networks (SCCAN) Forum
Promoted the utilization of seamless mobility communications solutions *Inactive

Secure Technology Alliance
Promotes the understanding, adoption and application of secure solutions, including smart cards, embedded chip technology, and related hardware and software

Security Industry Association (SIA)
Develops and maintains standards for the security industry (U.S.)

Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI)
Promotes the global semiconductor equipment, materials, and flat panel display industries

Semiconductor Test Consortium
Promoted interoperability test methods for complex logic devices *Inactive

Sensor Network Consortium (SNC)
Promotes sensor network industry growth by fostering research in sensor networks and facilitating interaction between academia and industry

Service Availability Forum (SAForum)
Develops and promotes availability and management software interface specifications

Silicon Integration Initiative (Si2)
Develops and promotes the adoption of standards to improve the way integrated circuits are designed and manufactured, in order to speed time-to-market and meet the challenges of sub-micron design

Small Cell Forum
Promotes the wide-scale adoption of small cell technologies

Smart Active Labels Consortium (SAL-C)
Developed and promoted smart active label technologies for multiple industries *Inactive

Society of Cable Telecommunications Engineers (SCTE)
Develops standards and provides technical training, certification and standards for cable telecommunication professionals

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE)
Promotes the development of motion picture standards

SOI Industry Consortium
Promotes silicon-on insulator (SOI) technology innovation into broad markets

SPIRIT Consortium
Developed and promoted standards in the semiconductor industry *Merged with Accellera in 2009

SSD Form Factor Working Group
Promotes enterprise storage usage of PCIe SSDs

Standard Panels Working Group (SPWG)
Develops TFT LCD mechanical and electrical standards

Standards Council of Canada (SCC)
Promotes and oversees standardization in Canada (Canada)

Standards Engineering Society (SES)
Promotes the use of standards and standardization

Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA)
Promotes the storage network industry

Storage Performance Council (SPC)
Promotes and develops specifications to standardize storage subsystem benchmarks

Storage Products Association (SPA)
Promotes the role of hard disk drive (HDD) storage and technologies

SunSpec Alliance
Promotes technology innovation and growth in the solar photovoltaic and renewable energy industry through defining and promoting the adoption of open data standards

Sustainable Computing Consortium
Sought to improve software quality and security *Merged with Carnegie Mellon's CyLab Initiative in 2003

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T-Engine Forum
Develops, researches and promotes the T-Engine architecture

TD Industry Alliance (TDIA)
Promoted the advancement of China's mobile telecommunication industry (China) *Inactive since 2013

Promotes and advocates for the information and communications technology (ICT)industry (U.S.)

Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)
Promotes the communications and information technology industries

Telework Consortium
Promoted ultra-bandwidth telework for public and private sectors *Inactive

Tizen Association
Develops and promotes the industry role of Tizen and its mobile market presence *Now hosted by the Linux Foundation

TM Forum
Promotes business effectiveness for service providers and their suppliers

Develops, maintains, and promotes TransferJet technologies

Trusted Computing Group (TCG)
Promotes, develops and defines open standards for hardware-enabled trusted computing and security technologies

Trusted Electronics Communications Forum (TECF)
Developed and promoted standards for technology, best practices, and prosecution against phishers *Inactive since 2004

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Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Forum
Promoted acceptance of the Common Signaling Mode (CSM) and Direct Sequence Ultra-Wideband (DS-UWB) in the marketplace *Dissolved in 2006

UMTS Forum
Promotes the global uptake of UMTS third generation (3G) mobile systems and services

United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT)
Promotes and facilitates international transactions through the simplification and harmonization of procedures and information flows

Universal Plug and Play Forum (UpnP)
Promotes easily implemented home and business networks *Merged with Open Interconnect Consortium

Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA)
Promotes the use of spatial information and information technologies for the understanding and management of urban and regional systems

USB Implementers Forum (USB-IF)
Promotes the Universal Serial Bus (USB) technology

UV LED Curing Association
Promotes improvements in UV LED curing applications and develops related guidelines to accelerate adoption

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VFEA International Trade Association (VITA)
Develops and promotes real-time, modular embedded computing systems

Virtual Private Network Consortium (VPNC)
Promoted and supported the VPN vendor community by acting as its trade association and promoting vendor products *Inactive as of 2015

VoLGA Forum
Developed and promoted specifications for LTE voice networks *Inactive since 2010

VSI Alliance (VSIA)
Developed standards and business processes for System-on-Chip (SoC) development *Dissolved in 2008

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Web Application Security Consortium (WASC)
Developed and promoted security standards for the World Wide Web *Inactive

Web3D Consortium
Promotes and fosters three-dimensional technologies on the Internet

Wireless Access Protocol (WAP) Forum
Developed standards for wireless information and telephone services on digital mobile phones and other wireless terminals *Now the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)

Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA)
Develops and promotes seamless wireless broadband services

Wireless Industrial Networking Alliance (WINA)
Promotes the adoption of wireless technologies in the industrial sector; identifies, recommends and certifies appropriate wireless technologies

Wireless Speaker & Audio (WiSA)
Promotes the adoption of WiSA-enabled compliant products by fostering interoperability compliance testing between CE devices and high-performance wireless speakers

Workflow Management Coalition (WfMC)
Develops and promotes workflow management standards

Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange (WEDI)
Promotes the adoption of e-Commerce in the healthcare industry (U.S.)

World DAB Forum
Promotes DAB Digital Radio

World Trade Organization (WTO)
Provides a legal and institutional framework for the implementation and monitoring of international trade agreements

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) Forum
Promotes interoperability standards for broadband wireless access

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XBRL- (EXtensible Business Reporting Language) International
Develops an XML-based framework for the reporting of business information

XML Industry Portal (
Promotes information about the application of XML in industrial and commercial settings

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Zhaga Consortium
Develops and promotes LED light engine products and interchangeability

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