Don't have an account yet? Sign up as a New User
Lost your password?
Welcome to ConsortiumInfo.org
Saturday, November 01 2014 @ 01:42 AM CDT
Friday, January 04 2008 @ 06:24 AM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the fifth chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained in late November. Constructive comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome. All product names used below are registered trademarks of their vendors.
Chapter 5: Open Standards
One of the two articles of faith that Eric Kriss and Peter Quinn embraced in drafting their evolving Enterprise Technical Reference Model (ETRM) was this: products built to "open standards" are more desirable than those that aren't. Superficially, the concept made perfect sense – only buy products that you can mix and match. That way, you can take advantage of both price competition as well as a wide selection of alternative products from multiple vendors, each with its own value-adding features. And if things don't work out, well, you're not locked in, and can swap out the loser and shop for a winner.
But did that make as much sense with routers and software as it did with light bulbs and lamps? And in any event, if this was such a great idea, why hadn't their predecessors been demanding open standards-based products for years? Finally, what exactly was that word "open" supposed to mean?
To answer these questions properly requires a brief hop, skip and jump through the history of standards, from their origins up to the present. And that's what this chapter is about.
Friday, December 28 2007 @ 12:07 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the fourth chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained in late November. Constructive comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome. All Microsoft product names used below are registered trademarks of Microsoft.
Chapter 4 – Eric Kriss, Peter Quinn and the ETRM
By the end of December 2005, I had been blogging on ODF developments in Massachusetts for about four months, providing interviews, legal analysis and news as it happened. In those early days, not many bloggers were covering the ODF story, and email began to come my way from people that I had never met before, from as far away as Australia, and as near as the State House in Boston. Some began with, "This seems really important – what can I do to help?" Others contained important information that someone wanted to share, and that I was happy to receive.
One such email arrived just before Christmas in 2005. In its entirety, it read:
Enjoy reading your consortiuminfo blog ... keep it up.
Happy New Year,
This was a pleasant and welcome surprise. Until the end of September, Eric Kriss had been the Massachusetts Secretary of Administration and Finance, and therefore Peter Quinn's boss. Together, they had conceived, architected and launched the ambitious IT upgrade roadmap that in due course incorporated ODF into the state's procurement guidelines.
Monday, December 10 2007 @ 07:05 AM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the third chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained in late November. Constructive comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome. All Microsoft product names used below are registered trademarks of Microsoft.
This chapter was revised at 8:30 AM on 12/11/07, most significantly by adding the "Lessons applied" section.
Chapter 3: What a Difference a Decade Can Make
In 1980, Microsoft was a small software vendor that had built its business primarily on downsizing mainframe programming languages to a point where they could be used to program the desktop computers that were then coming to market. The five year old company had total revenues of $7,520,720, and BASIC, its first product, was still its most successful. By comparison, Apple Computer had already reached sales of $100 million, and the same year launched the largest public offering since the Ford Motor Company had itself gone public some twenty-four years before. Microsoft was therefore far smaller than the company that Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak had formed a year after Bill Gates and Paul Allen sold their first product.
Moreover, in the years to come, PC-based word processing products like WordStar, and then WordPerfect, would become far more popular than Microsoft's own first word processing (originally called Multitool Word), providing low-cost alternatives to the proprietary minicomputer based software offerings of vendors like Wang Laboratories. IBM, too, provided a word processing program for the PC called DisplayWriter. That software was based on a similar program that IBM had developed for its mainframe systems customers. More importantly, another program was launched at just the right time to dramatically accelerate the sale of IBM PCs and their clones. That product was the legendary "killer app" of the IBM PC clone market: Lotus 1-2-3, the spreadsheet software upon which Mitch Kapor built the fortunes of his Lotus Development Corporation.
Sunday, December 02 2007 @ 02:07 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the second chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained last week. The following is one of a number of stage-setting chapters to follow. Comments, corrections and suggestions gratefully accepted. All Microsoft product names used below are registered trademarks of Microsoft.
Chapter 2 – Products, Innovation and Market Share
Microsoft is the envy of many vendors for the hugely dominant position it enjoys in two key product areas: PC desktop operating systems – the software that enables and controls the core functions of personal computers - and "office productivity software" – the software applications most often utilized by PC users, whether at work or at home, to create documents, slides and spreadsheets and meet other common needs. Microsoft's 90% plus market share in such fundamental products is almost unprecedented in the technical marketplace, and this monopoly position enables it to charge top dollar for such software. It also makes it easy for Microsoft to sell other products and services to the same customers.
Microsoft acquired this enviable position in each case through a combination of luck, single-minded determination, obsessive attention to detail, and a willingness to play the game fast and hard – sometimes hard enough to attract the attention of both Federal and state antitrust regulators. Early on, Bill Gates and his team acquired a reputation for bare-knuckle tactics that they sometimes seemed to wear with brash pride. Eventually, these tactics (as well as tales of Gate's internal management style) progressed from industry rumors to the stuff of best sellers, like Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire.
With the emergence of the Web, of course, the opportunity for widely sharing stories, both real (of which there were many) and apocryphal, exploded. Soon Web sites such as Say No to Monopolies: Boycott Microsoft enthusiastically collected and posted tales of alleged technological terror and dirty deeds. More staid collections were posted at sites such as the Wikipedia. The increasing tide of litigation involving Microsoft, launched not only by state and federal regulators but by private parties as well, generated embarrassing documents. Such original sources were not only difficult to deny, but almost impossible to repress in the age of the Web - and of peer to peer file sharing as well.
Moreover, while Bill Gates and his co-founders rarely displayed the creative and innovative flair of contemporaries like Apple's Steve Jobs, neither were they troubled by the type of "not invented here" bias that sometimes led other vendors to pursue unique roads that sometimes led to dead ends.
Sunday, November 25 2007 @ 02:51 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
For some time I've been considering writing a book about what has become a standards war of truly epic proportions. I refer, of course, to the ongoing, ever expanding, still escalating conflict between ODF and OOXML, a battle that is playing out across five continents and in both the halls of government and the marketplace alike. And, needless to say, at countless blogs and news sites all the Web over as well.
Arrayed on one side or the other, either in the forefront of battle or behind the scenes, are most of the major IT vendors of our time. And at the center of the conflict is Microsoft, the most successful software vendor of all time, faced with the first significant challenge ever to ione of its core businesses and profit centers – its flagship Office productivity suite.
Quote of the Day
“[D]o you want to [hand] a 500-page specification...to a light bulb manufacturer, or do you want source code that you can hand to that manufacturer that enables interoperability?
-Linux Foundation Jim Zemlin on why open source software is replacing open standards See all Quotes
Latest NewsAlexandria Project Review: "Mind Blowing! (5 stars)"Amazon Reader Reviews
October 31, 0214 - This is an absolutely fantastic book. It's a tale of technology and cyber crime told by a seasoned writer who obviously knows his way around a keyboard. The twists and turns that lead you through the story kind of reminded me of Polanski or Hitchcock. It's certainly easy to imagine the main character being played by Harrison Ford.
Bear in mind that this is not an easy read. There's enough here to get your brain worked up into a frenzy. The author seriously knows his stuff. I can't recommend this highly enough. ...Full Story
After Broadcom imbroglio, Open Interconnect Consortium, AllSeen Alliance wrestle with IP issues in IoT
FierceWirelessTech October 31, 2014 - The Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC) and the AllSeen Alliance are both working to standardize the Internet of Things (IoT) space and make devices interoperable--and in doing so they pit some of the industry's biggest giants against one other. And that battle appears to be entering a new phase over intellectual property (IP) licensing.
The situation crystalized earlier this month when Broadcom, a founding member of the OIC, reportedly left the organization due to a disagreement over intellectual property. GigaOm first reported Broadcom's exodus, citing a source who said Broadcom's departure was due to IP licensing agreements that required companies that were donating code to the project to give up their right to sue over that IP. The source said that the AllSeen Alliance doesn't have as rigorous a policy when it comes to its IP licensing agreements.
The AllSeen Alliance does have an IP policy, which is available here. But leaders of the OIC say it does not include a RAND-Z provision that says companies that participate must offer a zero-rate reasonable and non-discriminatory license to their code for member organizations. The OIC does have that provision.... ...Full Story
Bluetooth Smart Improvements Appear in More Devices
New York Times October 31, 2014 - FOR years, Bluetooth was practically synonymous with irritation....Still, Bluetooth is becoming the default system for connecting our devices wirelessly. It is now responsible for connecting phones with wearable devices like fitness trackers, door locks and even toothbrushes and light bulbs. The reason: Bluetooth has quietly evolved into a much smarter technology....But Bluetooth Smart isn’t the only connection technology available, and its strongest rival, Wi-Fi Direct, offers faster data speeds and possibly stronger security.
Wi-Fi Direct is based on Wi-Fi, but it lets two devices connect without having to go through a wireless router....In the end, we’ll probably find ourselves in a world filled with both Wi-Fi Direct and Bluetooth Smart. The more difficult question to answer is whether any other connection standards will make a dent in their dominance, like near-field communication and ZigBee, another standard that allows devices (now mostly smart-home gadgets) to talk with one another.
Those other technologies have a steep hill to climb. Bluetooth and Wi-Fi are in almost everything these days, and Bluetooth, in particular, is cheap to include and increasingly reliable.... ...Full Story
W3C Declares HTML5 Standard Complete
TechCrunch October 30, 2014 - More than four years ago, Steve Jobs declared war on Flash and heralded HTML5 as the way to go. You could be forgiven if you thought the HTML5 standard — the follow-up to 1997’s HTML 4 — has long been set in stone, given that developers, browser vendors and the press have been talking about it for years now. In reality, however, HTML5 was still in flux — until today. The W3C today published its Recommendation of HTML5 — the final version of the standard after years of adding features and making changes to it....the W3C today notes in its press release that the next version of the standard needs to focus on a number of core “application foundations” like tools for security and privacy, device interactions, application lifecycle, media and real-time communications and services around the social web, payments and annotations. All of these are meant to make it easier for developers to support the web platform.... ...Full Story
Alliance to Promote Multi-Gigabit Ethernet Technology for Enterprise Wired and Wireless Access Networks
NBASE-T Alliance October 30, 2014 - Cisco, Aquantia, Freescale and Xilinx today announced that they have formed the NBASE-T Alliance, an industry-wide cooperative effort to promote the development of 2.5 and 5 Gigabit Ethernet (2.5GE and 5GE) technology for enterprise network infrastructure. The objective of the nonprofit organization is to advance multi-gigabit Ethernet technology that enables faster data rates on existing enterprise cabling originally designed for 1 Gigabit Ethernet (1GbE) technology....Early promoters Cisco, Aquantia, Freescale and Xilinx welcome interested parties to join the alliance and contribute to its objectives. More details can be found on the alliance website, at www.nbaset.org.
According to Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI), total mobile data traffic will surpass 30 Exabytes per month in 2018. An estimated 52 percent of that traffic will be offloaded from cellular networks to the fixed network through WiFi, adding to the vast amount of wireless data transmitted over WLAN in enterprise branch and campus networks. The 802.11ac WiFi standard was developed to deal with this massive amount of wireless data. As the Wave 2 of the technology gets introduced, traffic aggregated on APs will quickly surpass multiple gigabits per second, and therefore require both the access point and the Ethernet Switch ports to scale beyond the 1GbE used in most networks....In most enterprise campus networks around the world, Category 5e (Cat5e) and Category 6 (Cat6) twisted-pair copper cables are the most common deployed. These cables do not support 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) up to 100 meters, therefore the need for intermediate rates between 1 and 10 Gigabit has gained support throughout the industry. To advance the enormous potential for rates greater than 1GbE on legacy cabling, the NBASE-T Alliance founding companies teamed up to promote the development of 2.5GbE and 5GbE that will extend the life of the installed cable plant.... ...Full Story
NIF observatory: interoperability platforms boost data exchange, eServices and eSignature
EC Joinup October 29, 0214 - The National Interoperability Framework Observatory (NIFO) community is making available an updated series of NIFO factsheets. The updates track interoperability initiatives in European countries.
Recently published on the Joinup platform, the updated NIFO factsheets provide new information on interoperability for over half of the countries. The update replaces factsheets from May this year. The observatory identified new interoperability platforms in many fields, including data exchange, eServices and eSignature.... ...Full Story
Take Control With Open Source Hardware
Linux.com October 29, 0214 - Free and open source software are no good without open hardware. If we can't install our software on a piece of hardware, it's not good for anything. Truly open hardware is fully-programmable and replicable. So what is open hardware, exactly? OSHWA, the Open Source Hardware Association, defines it as:
"Open source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design. The hardware's source, the design from which it is made, is available in the preferred format for making modifications to it. Ideally, open source hardware uses readily-available components and materials, standard processes, open infrastructure, unrestricted content, and open-source design tools to maximize the ability of individuals to make and use hardware. Open source hardware gives people the freedom to control their technology while sharing knowledge and encouraging commerce through the open exchange of designs."... ...Full Story
NISO Launches Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) Standing Committee
NISO October 28, 0214 - The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is pleased to announce the next phase for the Open Discovery Initiative, a project that explores community interactions in the realm of indexed discovery services. Following the working group’s recommendation to create an ongoing standing committee as outlined in the published recommended practice, Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery (NISO RP-19-2014), NISO has formed a new standing committee reflecting a balance of stakeholders, with member representation from content providers, discovery providers, and libraries. The ODI Standing Committee will promote education about adoption of the ODI Recommended Practice, provide support for content providers and discovery providers during adoption, conduct a forum for ongoing discussion related to all aspects of discovery platforms for all stakeholders, and determine timing for additional actions that were outlined in the recommended practice.... ...Full Story
How a USB key drive could remove the hassles from two-factor authentication
PC World October 28, 0214 - We've had enough malware campaigns and data breaches to confirm the need for better data protection online. The Universal 2nd Factor (U2F) standard is a step in the right direction, and the first compatible devices are coming out now.
U2F is an open authentication standard. It was initially developed by Google, but it's now managed by the FIDO (Fast Identity Online) Alliance....Two-factor, or multi-factor authentication has long been promoted as a more effective security mechanism, but it's a hassle, requiring you to juggle passwords with a second factor such as a texted code or an authentication app. U2F proposes to streamline the process using a U2F-enabled USB or NFC key fob, card, or mobile device alongside traditional authentication methods.... ...Full Story
The Future of the Internet - 20 Years Ago The birth of Netscape and its browser
ComputerWorld.uk October 27, 0214 - By Glyn Moody | Published 15:15, 20 October 14
Facebook 3 Twitter 34 LinkedIn 0 Google Plus 2 Share This 75 Article comments
Last week, the following tweet appeared:
Netscape Navigator was released 20 years ago [last week]...The fall of Netscape was not entirely down to Microsoft's aggressive moves. Netscape made a number of serious missteps, and the quality of the Netscape Navigator code started deteriorating. Eventually, that led to most of the Netscape program being released as open source, and the creation of the Mozilla project - something I wrote about in detail in an Open Enterprise column published seven years ago.
But here, I'd like to dwell on that moment in October 1994 when the first beta version of Netscape Navigator was released, and many of us sensed that this was the start of a new era in computing. Below is a column I wrote at that time, exactly as it first appeared; I hope it conveys a little of the atmosphere of those heady times.... ...Full Story