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Friday, February 24 2017 @ 06:19 PM CST
Friday, January 04 2008 @ 06:24 AM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the fifth chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained in late November. Constructive comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome. All product names used below are registered trademarks of their vendors.
Chapter 5: Open Standards
One of the two articles of faith that Eric Kriss and Peter Quinn embraced in drafting their evolving Enterprise Technical Reference Model (ETRM) was this: products built to "open standards" are more desirable than those that aren't. Superficially, the concept made perfect sense – only buy products that you can mix and match. That way, you can take advantage of both price competition as well as a wide selection of alternative products from multiple vendors, each with its own value-adding features. And if things don't work out, well, you're not locked in, and can swap out the loser and shop for a winner.
But did that make as much sense with routers and software as it did with light bulbs and lamps? And in any event, if this was such a great idea, why hadn't their predecessors been demanding open standards-based products for years? Finally, what exactly was that word "open" supposed to mean?
To answer these questions properly requires a brief hop, skip and jump through the history of standards, from their origins up to the present. And that's what this chapter is about.
Friday, December 28 2007 @ 12:07 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the fourth chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained in late November. Constructive comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome. All Microsoft product names used below are registered trademarks of Microsoft.
Chapter 4 – Eric Kriss, Peter Quinn and the ETRM
By the end of December 2005, I had been blogging on ODF developments in Massachusetts for about four months, providing interviews, legal analysis and news as it happened. In those early days, not many bloggers were covering the ODF story, and email began to come my way from people that I had never met before, from as far away as Australia, and as near as the State House in Boston. Some began with, "This seems really important – what can I do to help?" Others contained important information that someone wanted to share, and that I was happy to receive.
One such email arrived just before Christmas in 2005. In its entirety, it read:
Enjoy reading your consortiuminfo blog ... keep it up.
Happy New Year,
This was a pleasant and welcome surprise. Until the end of September, Eric Kriss had been the Massachusetts Secretary of Administration and Finance, and therefore Peter Quinn's boss. Together, they had conceived, architected and launched the ambitious IT upgrade roadmap that in due course incorporated ODF into the state's procurement guidelines.
Monday, December 10 2007 @ 07:05 AM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the third chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained in late November. Constructive comments, corrections and suggestions are welcome. All Microsoft product names used below are registered trademarks of Microsoft.
This chapter was revised at 8:30 AM on 12/11/07, most significantly by adding the "Lessons applied" section.
Chapter 3: What a Difference a Decade Can Make
In 1980, Microsoft was a small software vendor that had built its business primarily on downsizing mainframe programming languages to a point where they could be used to program the desktop computers that were then coming to market. The five year old company had total revenues of $7,520,720, and BASIC, its first product, was still its most successful. By comparison, Apple Computer had already reached sales of $100 million, and the same year launched the largest public offering since the Ford Motor Company had itself gone public some twenty-four years before. Microsoft was therefore far smaller than the company that Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak had formed a year after Bill Gates and Paul Allen sold their first product.
Moreover, in the years to come, PC-based word processing products like WordStar, and then WordPerfect, would become far more popular than Microsoft's own first word processing (originally called Multitool Word), providing low-cost alternatives to the proprietary minicomputer based software offerings of vendors like Wang Laboratories. IBM, too, provided a word processing program for the PC called DisplayWriter. That software was based on a similar program that IBM had developed for its mainframe systems customers. More importantly, another program was launched at just the right time to dramatically accelerate the sale of IBM PCs and their clones. That product was the legendary "killer app" of the IBM PC clone market: Lotus 1-2-3, the spreadsheet software upon which Mitch Kapor built the fortunes of his Lotus Development Corporation.
Sunday, December 02 2007 @ 02:07 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
This is the second chapter in a real-time eBook writing project I launched and explained last week. The following is one of a number of stage-setting chapters to follow. Comments, corrections and suggestions gratefully accepted. All Microsoft product names used below are registered trademarks of Microsoft.
Chapter 2 – Products, Innovation and Market Share
Microsoft is the envy of many vendors for the hugely dominant position it enjoys in two key product areas: PC desktop operating systems – the software that enables and controls the core functions of personal computers - and "office productivity software" – the software applications most often utilized by PC users, whether at work or at home, to create documents, slides and spreadsheets and meet other common needs. Microsoft's 90% plus market share in such fundamental products is almost unprecedented in the technical marketplace, and this monopoly position enables it to charge top dollar for such software. It also makes it easy for Microsoft to sell other products and services to the same customers.
Microsoft acquired this enviable position in each case through a combination of luck, single-minded determination, obsessive attention to detail, and a willingness to play the game fast and hard – sometimes hard enough to attract the attention of both Federal and state antitrust regulators. Early on, Bill Gates and his team acquired a reputation for bare-knuckle tactics that they sometimes seemed to wear with brash pride. Eventually, these tactics (as well as tales of Gate's internal management style) progressed from industry rumors to the stuff of best sellers, like Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire.
With the emergence of the Web, of course, the opportunity for widely sharing stories, both real (of which there were many) and apocryphal, exploded. Soon Web sites such as Say No to Monopolies: Boycott Microsoft enthusiastically collected and posted tales of alleged technological terror and dirty deeds. More staid collections were posted at sites such as the Wikipedia. The increasing tide of litigation involving Microsoft, launched not only by state and federal regulators but by private parties as well, generated embarrassing documents. Such original sources were not only difficult to deny, but almost impossible to repress in the age of the Web - and of peer to peer file sharing as well.
Moreover, while Bill Gates and his co-founders rarely displayed the creative and innovative flair of contemporaries like Apple's Steve Jobs, neither were they troubled by the type of "not invented here" bias that sometimes led other vendors to pursue unique roads that sometimes led to dead ends.
Sunday, November 25 2007 @ 02:51 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
For some time I've been considering writing a book about what has become a standards war of truly epic proportions. I refer, of course, to the ongoing, ever expanding, still escalating conflict between ODF and OOXML, a battle that is playing out across five continents and in both the halls of government and the marketplace alike. And, needless to say, at countless blogs and news sites all the Web over as well.
Arrayed on one side or the other, either in the forefront of battle or behind the scenes, are most of the major IT vendors of our time. And at the center of the conflict is Microsoft, the most successful software vendor of all time, faced with the first significant challenge ever to ione of its core businesses and profit centers – its flagship Office productivity suite.
Quote of the Day
“The new Standard Swedish shows in a slightly absurd way that there is no such thing as correct Swedish
-Asst. Prof. Mikael Parkvall of Stockholm University’s Department of Linguistics, announcing gthe release of "New Standard Swedish" See all Quotes
Latest NewsBanks Build a New Standard for Cross-Border With SWIFT (And Not BlockchainGrace NotoBank Innovation
February 24, 2017 - Instead of distributed ledger technology, banks like Citi, Wells Fargo, and BBVA, are looking to projects like SWIFT’s global payments innovation service — or gpi — which went live today, following its January launch....SWIFT gpi enables banks to offer transparent and traceable cross-border payments. Through a Tracker feature, corporate treasurers will have an end-to-end view on the status of their payments, including confirmations when payments have been credited to beneficiaries’ accounts (about time?). At the moment, there are 12 banks exchanging live on the network, including Bank of China and UniCredit, plus more than 100 member-banks, like Citi and Wells.... ...Full Story
The Linux Foundation Announces Merger of Open Source ECOMPTM and OPEN-OTM to Form New Open Network Automation Platform (ONAPTM) Project
Linux Foundation February 23, 2017 - The Linux Foundation...today announced the merger of open source ECOMP and Open Orchestrator Project (OPEN-O) to create the new Open Network Automation Platform (ONAP) Project. ONAP will allow end users to automate, design, orchestrate, and manage services and virtual functions.
AT&T, China Mobile and the world’s leading operators are driving ONAP with a diverse group of founding members. Founding Platinum members include Amdocs, AT&T, Bell Canada, China Mobile, China Telecom, Cisco, Ericsson, GigaSpaces, Huawei, IBM, Intel, Nokia, Orange, Tech Mahindra, VMware and ZTE. Silver members of ONAP are ARM, BOCO Inter-Telecom, Canonical, China Unicom, Cloudbase Solutions, Metaswitch and Raisecom....
The Linux Foundation will establish a governance and membership structure for ONAP to nurture a vibrant technical community. A Governing Board will guide business decisions, marketing and ensure alignment between the technical communities and members. The technical steering committee will provide leadership on the code merge and guide the technical direction of ONAP.... ...Full Story
Open source human body simulator trains future doctors
EU Joinup February 22, 2017 - SOFA an open source human body simulator used for training medical students and for preparing medical interventions, is being used by an increasing number of research centres and companies,...A human body simulator is just one of the many uses of SOFA, says Talbot. SOFA is a framework for multi-physics simulation. “Our software aims at interactive and real-time applications, with an emphasis on medical simulation”, he says....The simulation software can combine patient data to create simulations of, for example, eye operations, neurosurgery, liver surgery, or to create anatomical models....Inria, France’s computer science institute, began developing SOFA in 2006, with initial funding from the Department of Defence in the USA. Last year, the developers founded a consortium, aiming to increase the number of researchers and attract start-ups and other companies interested in using the simulator. The growing SOFA community includes both universities and medical and robotics start-ups in France and Germany.... ...Full Story
Understand Your Distributed Apps with the OpenTracing Standard
Linux.com February 21, 2017 - Microservices and services-oriented architecture are here to stay, but this kind of distributed system destroys the traditional type of process monitoring. Nonetheless, companies still need to understand just what’s happening inside the flow of an application. Ben Sigelman, Co-founder of LightStep, said at his keynote at CloudNativeCon that by adopting a new standard for distributed applications called OpenTracing can tell those stories without building complex instrumentation, or fundamentally changing the code of your application....OpenTracing is a vendor-neutral API standard, not something that one deploys, Sigelman said. Instead it’s something you program against, something you build into your microservices architecture. The OpenTracing API sits in the middle of the microservices process, like application logic, control-flow packages or existing instrumentation, and tracing infrastructure like LightStep, Zipkin, or Jaeger.... ...Full Story
Europe’s EV infrastructure boosted by new alliance
Energy Live News February 20, 2017 - Five electric vehicle (EV) fast-charging station networks have joined forces.
The Open Fast Charging Alliance (OFCA) aims to enable seamless, long-range travel in a battery-powered car across Europe.
It hopes to achieve this by allowing members of any of the firms involved to top-up their vehicles at any of the other companies’ charge points.
This is known as bilateral roaming and will give drivers access to a total of around 500 chargers across the continent....The alliance is open to other networks as long as they share the group’s goals and are committed to providing 24/7 customer service to ensure maximum network uptime.... ...Full Story
Open Networking Foundation Unveils New Open Innovation Pipeline to Transform Open Networking
Open Networking Foundation February 17, 2017 - Today the Open Networking Foundation (ONF) is announcing its new Open Innovation Pipeline made possible through the aligned operations of ONF and Open Networking Lab (ON.Lab) as these two organizations finalize their pending merger.
ON.Lab, with CORD® and ONOS®, successfully brought together operators, vendors and integrators to build solutions for carrier networks by leveraging SDN, NFV and Cloud technologies through an open source approach to solution creation. Operators have embraced the approach, and the industry is in the midst of a resulting transformation revolutionizing how solutions will be built for 5G mobile, ultra broadband and other next-generation networks.
Building on the success of CORD and ONOS, the ONF is industrializing and opening the unique process that enabled the creation of these platforms. Central to the approach is to leverage the ONF's deep relationships with operators to validate the vision, a focus on high-value use cases and solutions, and solidifying pre-established paths for taking solutions into operator PoCs (proof of concepts), trials and deployment.
Now that the SDN movement, first initiated by the ONF, has successfully set in motion the disaggregation of networking devices and control software and fostered the emergence of a broad range open source platforms, the industry needs a unifying effort to build solutions out of the numerous disaggregated components. A trend has emerged where vendors leverage open source to build closed proprietary solutions, providing only marginal benefit to the broader ecosystem. The ONF's Open Innovation Pipeline intends to counteract this trend by offering greater returns to members who participate in the ONF's collaborative process. Through making active contributions to the Open Innovation Pipeline, vendors benefit from inclusion in CORD and ONOS solutions, thereby gaining access to operator deployments.... ...Full Story
Open Standards and Open Source in Telecom
OpenStand.org February 15, 2017 - ...The development of new internet-enabled mobile devices and internet service providers have brought telecommunications to the forefront, as well as trends towards cooperation between the Open Standards and Open Source communities,...
Standards bodies must exist to continue internet innovation and functionality....In order to build and maintain successful innovations like 5G networks and IoT devices, a collaborative network must exist between SDOs and OSS. SDOs can assist with architecture, quality and interoperability of Open Source projects, as well as enhance the overall vitality of the mobile value chain.... ...Full Story
DoC’s Internet of Things Initiative to Catalog Existing Security Standards
ANSI.org February 10, 2017 - This month, the U.S. Commerce Department's (DoC) National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced that it aims to catalog existing security standards through its Internet of Things (IoT) initiative. Ultimately, the multi-stakeholder process will serve to develop a broad, shared definition or set of definitions around security upgradability for consumer IoT, and help enhance consumer awareness and understanding related to IoT purchases and security.
The DoC supports the advancement of IoT— which it defines as a transformational evolution in global technology with the potential to benefit public safety, health care, governance, and the environment and improve the daily lives of workers and consumers— as outlined in its newly released green paper, which identifies areas to advance efforts, including promoting standards and technology advancement.
The action is a response to feedback on both the Internet of Things and cybersecurity, in which stakeholders urged the DoC and NTIA to address the security of IoT through voluntary, multi-stakeholder processes.... ...Full Story
ITU unveils new standard for high-quality voice over LTE
Vanguardngr.com February 9, 2017 - ITU has released a new standard that will influence end-to-end Quality of Service (QoS) for voice communications over 4G mobile networks. The ITU said the standard is expected to form the basis of future ITU standards on specific aspects of QoS for Voice over LTE (VoLTE) and Video-telephony over LTE (ViLTE). The entrance of 4G mobile-wireless communications signalled the arrival of a multimedia-rich user experience. Despite 4G’s significant advances over previous generations of mobile-wireless technology, ensuring high-quality voice communications remains a significant challenge in the packet-based communications environment. The recommended ITU-T G.1028 “End-to-end QoS for voice over 4G mobile networks” was developed by ITU’s standardization expert group for ‘performance, QoS and QoE’, ITU-T Study Group 12. ITU-T G.1028 offers guidance on the factors impacting the end-to-end performance of “managed” voice applications over LTE networks and how the impacts of these factors should be assessed. The standard describes typical end-to-end scenarios involving LTE access, including scenarios where one of the parties connects using a wired or wireless access technology other than VoLTE.... ...Full Story
Google will soon open-source Google Earth Enterprise
TechCrunch February 8, 2017 - Google Earth Enterprise, which originally launched over ten years ago, was Google’s tool for businesses that wanted to build and host private versions of Google Earth and Google Maps for their internal geospatial applications. In 2015, the company announced that it would shut the service down in March 2017 but in what is becoming a pretty standard move for deprecated products, Google this week announced that it would open source all of the core Google Earth Enterprise (GEE) tools.