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Saturday, March 25 2017 @ 10:54 AM CDT
Monday, February 15 2010 @ 12:01 AM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Have you discovered The Alexandria Project?
I don't usually post twice a day, but today was opening day in Barcelona of the Mobile World Congress, the biggest mobile show of the year, and the announcements were popping thick and fast. One of those announcements unveiled a new mobile platform called MeeGo - a new open source contender in the race to power the broad array of devices that are rapidly proliferating in the mobile marketplace. And, I'm happy to say, MeeGo will be hosted by The Linux Foundation.
We've been working for some time on this, and we're very pleased that the project has now gone public. The LF press release can be found here, and the Intel version of the joint Intel-Nokia release is here. As usual, both are also pasted in below for archival purposes. I think you'd also find LF Executive Director Jim Zemlin's blog entry worth a read, and I'll quote from it below.
Sunday, December 24 2006 @ 12:06 PM CST
Contributed by: updegrove
There's a comprehensive update of the long-raging Wireless Wars at the IEEE site right now, written by Greg Goth, and aptly titled This Little Standard Went to Market; This Little Standard Blew Up. Those wars, you may recall, have been raging for years. Most recently, attention has focused on a new and hotly-contested wireless personal area network standard intended not to replace WiFi, but to allow other types of devices – like stereo equipment – to be connected wirelessly. IEEE chartered the 802.15.3a short-range universal serial bus (USB) standard task group to create a specification to satisfy this need, and many were the proposals offered by the task group participants to serve as a basis for that specification. Although those many proposals were eventually winnowed down to two, the task group ultimately gave up in January of this year, when the final two warring camps couldn't agree on a compromise
And then there is the 802.20 long-range mobile wireless standard, which will provide a long-range equivalent to WiFi. The IEEE itself shut down that task group last June to conduct an investigation, after charges of conflict of interest and favoritism on the part of the chair, as well as stacking the vote by some members, were leveled. The IEEE standards board conducted an investigation, and found “a lack of transparency, possible ‘dominance,’ and other irregularities in the Working Group.”
I've written about each of these battles frequently over the years, dedicating the March issue of the Consortium Standards Bulletin to Standards Wars generally, and to the wireless heat-butting in particular, as well as writing a number of blog entries that you can find here. You can also find a file of over a hundred news articles on the same topic here. Most of these battles have played out in, or around, the IEEE, and in particular within the 802 technical committee, which manages protocol development for local and metropolitan area networks.
Tuesday, April 11 2006 @ 07:15 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Lately I've been writing quite a bit about "standards wars," frequently using the wireless space as an apt example of behavior that sometimes smacks of the Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) strategies of the Cold War. A few days ago, the example got even apter with the announcement by Motorola spinoff and silicon vendor Freescale that it was splintering off of the splinter group that it had splintered off of the IEEE working group that then failed to set a UWB standard. Got that? If not, don't worry - it doesn't really make much sense anyway.
The underlying facts are as follows: one of the many wireless working groups within the IEEE was trying to develop a high speed, short range, low frequency standard to cut down on domestic cable clutter that otherwise collects around products such as your PC. As with many other standards, the differences between alternative ways of solving that problem make a lot of difference to vendors, but not much to consumers, who just want things to work when they come home and plug them in.
But this is the wonderful world of wireless, where little happens easily these days. And in this case, things are working even worse than usual.
Wednesday, March 01 2006 @ 01:27 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Single standards can do small jobs, but it takes a village of standards (and standard setting organizations) to enable a Digital Home.
Tuesday, December 20 2005 @ 05:27 PM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Back on August 9, I wrote about the fact that a patent pool had been formed by some of the patent owners that believe that their intellectual property rights (IPR) would be infringed by the implementation of RFID technology. I was reminded of this entry when a reporter who was writing about the current status of that initiative called me up to explain how patent pools work. He's written what I think is a very clear update on this situation, called "The RFID Patent Pool: Playing Poker," which you can find here.
The blog entry in question was one of those that I write from time to time that seek to dig below the surface of what is generally perceived to be bad news in order to determine just how bad that news really is. In this particular case, I was pointing out that if the laudable efforts of those that had been working hard to create a royalty-free environment for RFID technology were going to fail, then the next best outcome could well be a patent pool.
Tuesday, December 13 2005 @ 11:02 AM CST
Contributed by: updegrove
There's another standards war story that's been running in the news over the past few days that has an eerie sense of familiarity. It goes like this: Two camps can't agree on a standard that is being developed within an existing, well-respected standards body. Eventually one camp takes its effort to Ecma International for approval and fast tracking to an international standard in order to outflank the first standards organization, and to thwart the success of the other camp. Now where have I heard something like that before?
Monday, October 17 2005 @ 01:41 PM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
What don't you need when you have two rival groups, each pushing their own standard within the IEEE 801.11n working group? A third, formed outside the IEEE, that says "take our proposal instead, or we'll go it alone."
Tuesday, August 09 2005 @ 12:51 PM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
A long-running drama has taken a new and relatively unusual turn that
is worth noting. That drama is the long (and ultimately unsuccessful)
struggle that was waged within EPC Global to maintain a royalty-free
environment for RFID standards. And that new turn is the announcement
today that a patent pool is being formed by some 20 companies to
establish royalty rates and manage royalty payments on implementations
of EPC Global RFID standards.
Saturday, July 23 2005 @ 12:59 PM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Standards wars have been around for a very long time, and with a real (if not an admirable) reason: if you can successfully set a de facto standard around your patented technology, you can make a lot of money. But when that happens, someone often loses -- big. Just ask Topsy or Hayden.
Quote of the Day
“It's cheaper than other types of animation, but provides a much better experience for users than ordinary comics
-Migu Comic Co Ltd. VP Xiang Lisheng, commenting on the ITU's adoption of a new Chinese animation file structure See all Quotes
Latest NewsITU adopts Chinese-made interactive content format as new global standardGlobalTimes
March 24, 2017 - The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has adopted a new file structure for interactive mobile comic and animation content designed independently in China as its global standard on March 16, China's Ministry of Culture announced on Monday.
Known as T.621, the file structure will be able to be used on all types of mobile devices and platforms to provide high-definition content in a relatively small file.
The new file structure will also allow content creators to provide interactive content such as motion graphics and audio for online comics, which is in high demand in today's market.... ...Full Story
IEEE Approves New Standards Project IEEE P2755™—Guide to Terms and Concepts in Intelligent Process Automation
IEEE March 24, 2017 - IEEE and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA), today announced the approval of the IEEE P2755™—Guide to Terms and Concepts in Intelligent Process Automation project. The new standards project aims to build a framework for terminology to help advance related standards efforts. Sponsored by IEEE’s Board of Governors Corporate Advisory Group, the newly formed IEEE P2755 Working Group is defining initial terminology that addresses a range of applications spaces, including Robotic Process Automation, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Cognitive Computing, Autonomics, Machine Learning and related technologies that enable businesses and governments to improve performance and lower costs....Lee Coulter, chair, IEEE Guide to Terms and Concepts in Intelligent Process Automation Working Group [said] “It’s important to establish a framework now that can evolve in step with related industry developments to ensure a commonality for understanding related products, services and concepts, and to help advance the market space for the benefit of all.”... ...Full Story
Patent Advisory Group Recommends Continuing Work on Web Payments Specifications
W3C.org March 23, 2017 - The Web Payments Working Group Patent Advisory Group (PAG), launched in August 2016, has published a report recommending that W3C continue work on the Web Payments Specifications. W3C launches a PAG to resolve issues in the event a patent has been disclosed that may be essential, but is not available under the W3C Royalty-Free licensing terms. ...Full Story
Government Agencies to be Rated on Cybersecurity Using NIST Framework
National Law Review March 22, 2017 - The Trump administration has announced that it will impose new metrics on federal agencies related to cybersecurity. Agencies and departments will be required to comply with the framework developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and report back to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and the White House....Plans to impose the NIST cybersecurity framework on federal agencies illustrate the Framework’s increasing importance as a standard for cybersecurity, not just for government agencies, but more broadly throughout the information ecosystem. With security breaches, state-sponsored cyber-attacks, and ransomware demands increasing, the Framework offers useful guidance on processes and actions designed to enhance data security for government and industry alike. ...Full Story
OGC approves new standard for geological science data
OGC.org March 21, 2017 - The membership of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC®) has approved GeoSciML as an OGC Standard. The OGC GeoSciML Standard defines a model and encoding for geological features commonly described and portrayed in geological maps, cross sections, geological reports, and databases.
GeoSciML provides a mechanism for storage and exchange of a broad range of geologic data enabling users to generate geologic depictions (such as maps) in a consistent and repeatable fashion....This standard describes a logical model and GML/XML encoding rules for geological map data, geological time scales, boreholes, and metadata for laboratory analyses....
The GeoSciML standard includes a Lite model, used for simple map-based applications; a basic model, aligned with INSPIRE, for basic data exchange; and an extended model to address more complex scenarios. The standard also provides patterns, profiles (most notably of OGC Observations and Measurements - also ISO 19156), and best practices to deal with common geoscience use cases.... ...Full Story
Three challenges for the web, according to its inventor
The Open Web Foundation March 20, 2017 - Today is the world wide web’s 28th birthday. Here’s a message from our founder and web inventor Sir Tim Berners-Lee on how the web has evolved, and what we must do to ensure it fulfils his vision of an equalising platform that benefits all of humanity.
Today marks 28 years since I submitted my original proposal for the world wide web. I imagined the web as an open platform that would allow everyone, everywhere to share information, access opportunities and collaborate across geographic and cultural boundaries. In many ways, the web has lived up to this vision, though it has been a recurring battle to keep it open. But over the past 12 months, I’ve become increasingly worried about three new trends, which I believe we must tackle in order for the web to fulfill its true potential as a tool which serves all of humanity.
1) We’ve lost control of our personal data
The current business model for many websites offers free content in exchange for personal data. Many of us agree to this – albeit often by accepting long and confusing terms and conditions documents – but fundamentally we do not mind some information being collected in exchange for free services. But, we’re missing a trick. As our data is then held in proprietary silos, out of sight to us, we lose out on the benefits we could realise if we had direct control over this data,...
2) It’s too easy for misinformation to spread on the web
...through the use of data science and armies of bots, those with bad intentions can game the system to spread misinformation for financial or political gain.
3) Political advertising online needs transparency and understanding
Political advertising online has rapidly become a sophisticated industry. The fact that most people get their information from just a few platforms and the increasing sophistication of algorithms drawing upon rich pools of personal data, means that political campaigns are now building individual adverts targeted directly at users. One source suggests that in the 2016 US election, as many as 50,000 variations of adverts were being served every single day on Facebook, a near-impossible situation to monitor. And there are suggestions that some political adverts – in the US and around the world – are being used in unethical ways – to point voters to fake news sites, for instance, or to keep others away from the polls....
These are complex problems, and the solutions will not be simple. But a few broad paths to progress are already clear. We must work together with web companies to strike a balance that puts a fair level of data control back in the hands of people, including the development of new technology like personal “data pods” if needed and exploring alternative revenue models like subscriptions and micropayments. We must fight against government over-reach in surveillance laws, including through the courts if necessary. We must push back against misinformation by encouraging gatekeepers such as Google and Facebook to continue their efforts to combat the problem, while avoiding the creation of any central bodies to decide what is “true” or not. We need more algorithmic transparency to understand how important decisions that affect our lives are being made, and perhaps a set of common principles to be followed. We urgently need to close the “internet blind spot” in the regulation of political campaigning....
It has taken all of us to build the web we have, and now it is up to all of us to build the web we want – for everyone. If you would like to be more involved, then do join our mailing list, do contribute to us, do join or donate to any of the organisations which are working on these issues around the world. ...Full Story
A Standard for Lighting Color Preference?
NIST Techbeat March 20, 2017 - One of the goals of artificial lighting is to make things look natural....To hit the “sweet spot” between too dull and too vivid, lighting manufacturers rely on an international standard that helps them determine whether their white lights will render objects “correctly” – that is, the way they might look in sunlight. This standard is based on an old system called the Color Rendering Index (CRI), which scores lamps on their color fidelity: The higher the CRI score, the more natural objects should look when illuminated. A score of 100 is considered “perfect.” Most good white light lamps get scores of 80 or higher.
But just because something looks natural does not mean that people like it....The final goal is to allow a new version of the CRI to remain as a “color fidelity” metric, but also to create a new standard for “color preference” to give companies further guidance for manufacturing LED lights. Companies could use one or both of these metrics depending on the intended applications.... ...Full Story
ITU Publishes Policy Recommendations on Digital Financial Services
ITU March 17, 2017 - After two years of extensive consultation, the ITU Focus Group on Digital Financial Services (DFS) has concluded its work with the publication of 85 policy recommendations and 28 supporting thematic reports. The Focus Group brought together more than 60 organizations from over 30 countries to drive greater financial inclusion for the estimated 2 billion people around the world who remain unbanked.
Commenting on the success of the Focus Group, ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao said: “Governments around the world face many similar challenges in their efforts to deliver fully integrated digital financial services. Until now solutions have largely been developed in isolation. This is the first time an organization has sought to develop a comprehensive set of practical and integrated guidelines drawing on expertise from across the financial service and telecommunication/ICT sectors.”... ...Full Story
New alliance to promote Ethereum blockchain technology
Network Asia March 16, 2017 - The world's most advanced enterprise and startup blockchain innovators have formed an alliance to build, promote, and broadly support Ethereum-based technology best practices, standards, and a reference architecture, EntEth 1.0.
The Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) seeks to augment Ethereum, enabling it to serve as an enterprise-grade technology, with research and development focused on privacy, confidentiality, scalability, and security. EEA will also investigate hybrid architectures that span both permissioned and public Ethereum networks.
The founding members of the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance rotating board include Accenture, Banco Santander, BlockApps, BNY Mellon, CME Group, ConsenSys, IC3, Intel, J.P. Morgan, Microsoft, and Nuco....
EEA will collectively develop industry standards and facilitate open source collaboration with its member base as well as the Ethereum Chief Scientist and Inventor, Vitalik Buterin, and is open to any members of the Ethereum community who wish to participate. This collaborative framework will enable the mass adoption at a depth and breadth otherwise unachievable in individual corporate silos and provide insight to the future of scalability, privacy, and confidentiality of the public Ethereum permissionless network. ...Full Story
Using INSPIRE geospatial data to create innovative added-value services
Monica Lopez Potes
EU Joinup March 13, 2017 - The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission has launched two pilot projects with private sector partners from Spain and The Netherlands to demonstrate the benefits of using Linked and Open INSPIRE Data using RDF, a developer friendly W3C specification for building the Semantic Web.
The JRC, in its efforts to facilitate cross-sector interoperability and help reuse the investments of INSPIRE in other data infrastructures, including Linked Data and Open Data portals, has procured and launched the development of two pilots. These pilots aim to illustrate how INSPIRE data can help in different e-Government services as well as the feasibility and possible benefits of representing INSPIRE data in RDF.
The first pilot is developed by Guadaltel(link is external) ...[and]addresses use cases in the area of the environment, more specifically related to the provisioning of a hydrography RDF services based on national INSPIRE data published by CNIG(link is external) (Centro Nacional de Información Geográfica). This RDF data can serve many applications but will explore its possible use within regional government and water management.
The second pilot...sets out to improve the information position of emergency responders by using Linked INSPIRE Data as a central point of reference.... ...Full Story