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Wednesday, May 25 2016 @ 08:08 AM CDT
Saturday, April 05 2008 @ 10:41 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Not so very long ago, most standards were set in a largely collegial atmosphere by career professionals who met in face to face meetings over a period of years. Along the way, they came to know each other as individuals, and established relationships that helped the process move forward and allowed for productive give and take.
While this process was not without its back scratching and game playing, at least the impact on interests other than those directly involved tended to be limited. After all, if performance standards for light bulbs had settled out at 45, 65 and 95 watts rather than 40, 60 and 90, no end user’s ox would have been gored on the desktop, when it came to lighting.
Wednesday, April 02 2008 @ 12:01 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Yesterday, I sent out the latest issue of my eJournal, Standards Today. Not surprisingly, it focused on the OOXML process, and what can be learned from it. Below is the Editorial, and you can find the complete issue here. You can sign up for a free subscription here.
Updated: ISO has now issued its confirmatory press release. The full text (less biolerplate) is appended at the end of this entry. I note with some interest that the press release includes the following language:
Subject to there being no formal appeals from ISO/IEC national bodies in the next two months, the International Standard will accordingly proceed to publication.
The last issue of Standards Today was titled, ODF vs. OOXML on the Eve of the BRM. That issue focused on the Ballot Resolution Meeting (BRM) about to be held in Geneva, Switzerland as the penultimate act in the Fast Track approval process of DIS 29500, the specification submitted by Ecma and based upon Microsoft's OfficeOpen XML document formats (OOXML).
My editorial in that issue was prophetically titled The Overwhelming of ISO/IEC JTC1, due to the fact that only one week had been allocated to resolving more than 1,100 separate comments (some 900 of them substantive) that had been registered by National Bodies from around the world during the voting period that failed to approve OOXML during the initial balloting period in mid-2007.
Without exception, every fear that I raised in that editorial was realized, and worse. Here is a sampling:
Tuesday, April 01 2008 @ 03:35 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
1. I have now received confirmation from a second source that these results are accurate.
2. Microsoft has issued a press release announcing that OOXML "Appears to Win Approval" (text below)
3. (1:00 PM EDT) I have now received a copy of the ISO communication from a National Body source entitled to receive it, and can confirm the data below.
4. Ecma's press release confirming approval is here
Open Malaysia has posted a final update of their vote registry, based upon an email from the OpenDoc Society to which is attached what they say are the final numbers on the OOXML vote. The document looks authentic, and I should have an independent verification some time this morning. You can see the final totals reflected in the Open Malaysia chart, which can be found here. The summary in the document reads as follows:
Result of voting
P-Members voting: 24 in favour out of 32 = 75 % (requirement >= 66.66%)
(P-Members having abstained are not counted in this vote.)
Member bodies voting: 10 negative votes out of 71 = 14 % (requirement <= 25%)
Monday, March 31 2008 @ 11:47 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Updated 4/1: A press release has been issued by Standards Norge defending its decision. An English translation of that press release is posted at Steve McGibbon's blog, and can be found here. Geir Isene has posted a partial response here.
One of the things that most of us learn at our mother's knee is that you shouldn't rush things. If you do, you'll make silly mistakes. Mothers also tend to tell their children to play by the rules, but some apparently listen better than others to that advice as well.
The wisdom of the first truism was demonstrated most clearly during the Ballot Resolution Meeting in Geneva, although its effects had been evident throughout the entire Fast Track process. In the latest evidence of the other truism, the first formal protest has been filed with ISO over a National Body vote. The National Body in question is Norway, and the protest has been filed by...(wait for it)...Norway itself.
How can all of this be true in a country like Norway? Elections this flawed usually only occur in Florida.
The complete story has been developing at the blog of Geir Isene, who left a comment at my blog yesterday, pointing tohis account of what had transpired on Friday at a meeting of Standards Norge, the Norwegian Standards Intitute. That entry read in part as follows:
Saturday, March 29 2008 @ 07:14 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Updated: (8:45 AM EDT 4/1): OOXML has been adopted
Updated: (1:45 OM EDT 3/31): Reuters has just reported that ISO will not announce the results of the OOXML vote until Wednesday April 2
Updated (3:30 PM EDT 3/29): Unless thus-far unannounced votes that were formerly "approve" or "abstain" switch to "disapprove," it appears that OOXML will be approved. See details in the cumulative "updates" section below
Like many I'm sure, I'm trying to keep track of the votes on OOXML as they become known. I've set up a spreadsheet where I'm recording votes as they become known, whether they are formal and confirmed, or coming to light from other sources, and therefore to a greater or lesser extent possibly not accurate, what the sources are, and any associated comments (mostly from Pamela's articles at Groklaw, the most recent of which is being updated with new votes as news comes in to her). You'll find the most information about specific country voting there, and at several of her prior blog posts, including this one, this one, this one, and this one.
For the benefit of those that want to get a quick look throughout the weekend, I'll post the running tally here of which votes have switched, what the net change has been, now many votes have come to light, and how many remain to be announced. It is likely that it will not be possible to know the final vote until all votes are in, due to the complicated, double test way in which the vote is counted, which is complicated by the fact that the final number of abstentions, and whether they move from "yes" or "no" votes, can decrease the number of votes that need to switch to "yes" votes. For that reason, I also include an explanation of how the omplicated two-part test for approval will be calculated.
You may also want to read my last blog entry, which discusses the impact (or non-impact) of a vote to approve OOXML, called The Future of ODF and OOXML.
Friday, March 28 2008 @ 08:09 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
Tomorrow is the last day that a National Body (NB) can change its vote on OOXML. Only a few NBs have announced what they have decided, and of those, not enough have changed their votes to reverse the outcome of last summer, in which DIS 29500 (a/k/a OOXML) failed to gain approval. It will not be until Monday that the final vote will be announced by ISO/IEC JTC1 (or become public through disclosure by an NB committee member, as the case may be).
Many journalists and others have asked me whether I have a prediction on what the outcome will be, and also what I think it will mean if OOXML is approved. I don’t have an answer to the first question, as there are too many countries involved, and too much may change until the last minute. But I do have an answer to the second question, and that answer is the same one that I have given every time that a new decision point has loomed in the ongoing quest for a useful format standard that can bring competition and innovation back to the desktop, as well as ensure that the history and creativity of today will remain accessible far into the future.
That answer is this: if anyone had asked me to predict in August of 2005 (the date of the initial Massachusetts decision that set the ODF ball rolling) how far ODF might go and what impact it might have, I would never have guessed that it would have gone so far, and had such impact, in so short a period of time. I think it’s safe to say that whatever happens with the OOXML vote is likely to have little true impact at all on the future success of ODF compliant products.
Here are ten reasons why I believe this prediction will be borne out.
Thursday, March 27 2008 @ 06:18 PM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
With fewer than 48 hours to go throughout most of the world, only a small percentage of the 87 countries that voted last summer on OOXML have announced whether they will stand by, or change, the votes that they cast during the original six month voting period. To my knowledge, only one National Body (NB) has formally announced a change of vote thus far (Czechia has changed from "disapprove" to "approve"). Pamela Jones earlier today posted an informal report that Kenya, a P member, has switched its vote from "approve" to "abstain." And Pamela also reported that Cuba has not only announced a "disapproval" vote, but that it's earlier vote to approve was incorrectly registered, placing it in a unique category of its own. In yet another category can be found reports that a committee has recommended one action or another, but is not itself the committee that is able to make the final decision for the NB (the United Kingdom is an example).
All other reports, official and informal, of which I am aware are to the effect that the prior vote will stand, including the United States (approve), Brazil and India (both disapprove). And I've now learned that Germany can be added to the "no change" category as well, although the vote was not only very close, but, as has become almost more the expected rather than the unusual, was also unique to the circumstances and decisions made within the NB committee about what options would be permitted in the vote. The following is the message that I received a few hours ago from a German expert that I know personally who sits on the relevant DIN (the German standards body) committee:
Wednesday, March 19 2008 @ 05:11 PM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
As regular readers will have noticed, I haven’t blogged in awhile. This is in part because I’m on the road for most of six weeks, but also because the news about OOXML continues to be both more predictable as well as more intense. At some point, the single events of the day become less individually meaningful, because they are simply part of the same fractal pattern that has replicated itself over and over since September of 2005, when Massachusetts adopted ODF, putting document standards on many powerful companies’ strategic maps. Since then, that pattern has spread dramatically, engulfing more companies, affecting more National Bodies in more countries, and invoking more campaigning on both sides. Only rarely is something now written or said that cuts through this fog of war. A few days ago in South Africa, someone did just that, and that’s what I’ve written about today.
Sunday, March 09 2008 @ 05:45 AM CDT
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
On February 29, about an hour after the OOXML Ballot Resolution Meeting closed, I posted this blog entry, based on information available at the time. Corrections were made over the next two days to take further information into account as it became available; those corrections are duly noted in the text. Due to the extent and energy of the debate that has erupted around the BRM, I turned that blog entry into an ongoing resource page, adding first-hand accounts of many delegates to the BRM, the views of selected non-attendees, the text of public statements and press releases by ISO/IEC JTC1, Ecma, various National Bodies and other interested parties, and more.
In order to make that material easier to use, I've now moved that material to this new entry, reorganized it, and added the Table of Contents immediately below (the original blog entry, as corrected, now stands alone at the original date of posting, with a forward link to this resource page). You can also view the many press articles that continue to be written as I add them to the News Picks column to the right, as well as hundreds of additional articles from the past several years about ODF and OOXML, by bookmarking . You can therefore stay current on further developments and statements relating to the BRM by bookmarking this blog entry.
My thanks to all of you that have pointed me to much of the data that appears below. Please continue to send me links to information as you find it or provide it, and I'll add it below. NOTE: you must click through to the full text of this entry for some of the Table of Contents links to work
Table of Contents
I. Updated Blog Entry - As posted on February 29
II. Comments to Blog Entry - Includes an extensive exchange with BRM Convenor Alex Brown
III. Daily Updates - Supplemental notes on the materials as added
IV. BRM Accounts by Delegates (interested and neutral) - Blog postings and interviews of delegates with their details and perspectives
V. BRM Commentary by Others - Both interested and neutral; for press accounts, see the ODF/OOXML News folder
VI. Public Statements and Press Releases - ISO/IEC JTC1, Ecma, National Bodies, and more
Friday, February 29 2008 @ 05:53 AM CST
Contributed by: Andy Updegrove
I have now created a very extensive, indexed BRM Resource Page to hold the many links, press releases, delegate statements and other material that were originally found here. You can find that extra materials here.
A rather incredible week in Geneva has just ended, bringing to a close the Herculean task assumed by the over 100 delegates from 32 countries that attended the BRM. That challenge, of course, was how to productively resolve the more than 1,100 comments (after elimination of duplicates) registered by the 87 National Bodies that voted last summer with respect to a specification that itself exceeded 6,000 pages.
I have spent the week in Geneva, and have spoken with many delegates from many delegations on a daily basis. Each believed that a body that purports to issue "global open standards" should not impose an obligation of secrecy on how the standards that people must live with are approved on their behalf. It would be fair to say that, notwithstanding all of the charges and counter charges that have been made leading up to the BRM regarding how National Body votes were taken last summer, how delegations have been selected, and how they have been instructed to act and vote at the BRM, there has been a good faith effort by all to try to achieve a successful result. The same appears to have held true within delegations, even those that contained representatives of the most opposed parties.
There are two ways in which you may hear the results of the BRM summarized by those that issue statements and press releases in the days to come. Perhaps inevitably, they are diametrically opposed, as has so often happened in the ODF - OOXML saga to date. Those results are as follows:
98.4% of the OOXML Proposed Dispositions were approved by a three to two majority at the BRM, validating OOXML
The OOXML Proposed Dispositions were overwhelmingly rejected by the delegations in attendance at the BRM, indicating the inability of OOXML to be adequately addressed within the "Fast Track" process
[Paragraph updated] In this blog entry, I will explain why the following is the best characterization, and help you read the various press releases and statements that may be made with the benefit of the appropriate context:
Only a very small percentage of the proposed dispositions were discussed in detail, amended and approved by the delegations in attendance at the BRM, indicating the inability of OOXML to be adequately addressed within the "Fast Track" process
Quote of the Day
“Through this Notice, NTIA seek s broad input from all interested stakeholders...on the potential benefits and challenges of [the Internet of Things]and what role, if any, the U.S. Government should play in this area
-National Telecommunications and Information Administration Request for Information See all Quotes
Latest NewsTC260 Increases Standardization Efforts on Data Security ProtectionUSITO.org Weekly
May 25, 2016 - On May 12, the National Information Security Standardization Technical Committee (TC260) held the commencement meeting of the Personal Information Security Standard Drafting Working Group in Beijing....The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) Cybersecurity Bureau Director-General, Zhao Zeliang,attended the meeting, and stated that this standards project is designed to implement President Xi's cybersecurity strategy to focus on protecting the people. In addition to personal information security specifications, the Drafting Working Group will also work on personal information protection guidelines. Gao Lin, TC260's Secretary General and Deputy Director-General for the MIIT Information and Software Department, announced that China's personal information protection standards and policies will focus on two aspects:
- Data collection requirements on information service providers and software design (the relevant national standard has already been submitted for approval)
- Big data management
According to Gao, standardization on data security protection needs to find a balance between regulation and industry promotion. Standards will act as a baseline, while upcoming policies in this area will determine how the standards are used and implemented. ...Full Story
SIPO Releases New Patent Guidelines
USITO.org Weekly May 23, 2016 - On May 12, the State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) issued three patent related guidelines: the Guidelines for the Determination of Patent Infringements (for Trial Implementation), the Rules of Evidence on Patent-related Administrative Law Enforcement (for Trial Implementation) and the Guidelines for Administrative Mediation of Patent Disputes (for Trial Implementation). The three documents are combined into a 176 page PDF document, which can be found here. These guidelines will be adopted and enforced by local patent administrative authorities.The guidelines for infringement have two major changes:
1) It deleted the clause about standard-essential patents (SEPs)
2) It deleted the clause about joint infringement
These changes were made to avoid controversy. ...Full Story
Public Comments Sought on Proposed Guidelines Regarding Cybersecurity Information Sharing
ANSI.org Weekly News May 20, 2016 - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) encourages all members and interested stakeholders to comment on nine recently released Request for Comment (RFC) documents regarding the development of effective voluntary standards and guidelines to foster information sharing on cybersecurity risks and incidents among private-sector entities and the federal government. Reflecting the work of the Information Sharing and Analysis Organization (ISAO) Standards Organization (SO), the RFCs were developed in response to the White House’s Executive Order 13691, Promoting Private Sector Cybersecurity Information Sharing....The development of voluntary standards and guidelines will help companies work together with the federal government to quickly identify and protect against cyber threats. The RFC documents, which span a range of topics represented by the ISAO SO’s six Standards Working Groups (SWGs), are still under development, and ANSI encourages suggestions from stakeholders at this stage.
Comments are due by Friday, June 17, and can be submitted to the ISAO SO via the Draft Products page.... ...Full Story
SES Conference to Spotlight “New Frontiers in Standards and Conformity Assessment”
ANSI.org May 19, 2016 - SES-The Society for Standards Professionals has opened registration for its 65th Annual Conference, which will take place August 8-11, 2016, at the Grand Hyatt in Denver. The event may be of particular interest to managers of company standardization programs; people who design standardization programs or apply standards; government agencies applying management and standardization techniques; and organizations trying to improve their standards development process....Attendees will hear from expert panelists and moderators representing government, associations, academia, standards boards, and leading organizations and companies on a number of topics, with headline session topics to include:
- Harmonizations and Conformity Assessment—Challenges and Opportunities
- The Impact of the Legal and Regulatory Environments on Standards and Standardization
- On the Frontier: Standards for Tomorrow
- The Changing Landscape of Standards—Technological and Societal Impacts
- The Invisibility of the Virtual World—My Microwave Is Also My Smart Phone
- Bridging the Gap—Leveraging the Value of New and Seasoned Standards Professionals
- New Frontiers and Strategies with Digital Publishing.
Educational courses will be offered in conjunction with the conference. On Monday, August 8, attendees can register for “Fundamentals of Standards and Conformity Assessment: Basic Knowledge and Tools for Today’s Professional,” [AND]...“Industry Update on Intellectual Property Issues—Birds Eye View and Interactive Workshop"... ...Full Story
European Unified Patent Court goes Open Source Submitted
EU Joinup May 18, 2016 - The Unified Patent Court is the institution that will unify the management of patent claims across the member States reducing costs and complexity especially for the smaller patent holders.
To manage the workloads that will derive from managing claims and cases coming from many nations and in many different languages they need a set of tools that are extremely efficient and that can be adapted over time to the changing requirements of the stakeholders....
The team in charge of the project, led by Mark Craddock at Newport's branch of the UK Intellectual Property Office, had to create a brand new web site, Case Management System and a Collaboration platform from the ground up and after having consulted several vendors and suppliers they came to the conclusion that only Open Source based platforms would allow them to complete the difficult task at hand without having to invest a very large budget, depend on vendors proprietary platforms and wait for the long delivery plans dictated by large consulting companies.
The result is that...the UK IPO team has been able to deliver the project earlier than planned and under budget to the Unified Patent Court team.... ...Full Story
Finance industry bodies call for tech-neutral measures to address cyber risk
Out-Law.com May 17, 2016 - A group of trade bodies representing businesses from across the financial services sector has called on regulators and standards-setting bodies to ensure that measures they draw up to enhance cybersecurity are technologically neutral.
The bodies have drawn up new international cybersecurity, data and technology principles that they hope the Financial Stability Board (FSB) and the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) will consider when setting "policies and standards regarding cybersecurity, data and technology"....the bodies said. "Policies that require specific technology requirements, detailed technical reviews or other processes by regulators will be reactive to the threat environment and to adversaries that seek to take advantage of vulnerabilities....The best approach for developing technology policies is open and transparent formulation and implementation, which allows stakeholders to provide meaningful input to regulators...." ...Full Story
IEEE Rebooting Computing Initiative
IEEE May 16, 2016 - IEEE today announced the launch of the International Roadmap for Devices and Systems (IRDS), a new IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Industry Connections (IC) program to be sponsored by the IEEE Rebooting Computing (IEEE RC) Initiative in consultation with the IEEE Computer Society. Together, this group will ensure alignment and consensus across a range of stakeholders to identify trends and develop the roadmap for all of the related technologies in the computer industry.
The IRDS represents the next phase of work that began with the partnership between the IEEE RC Initiative and the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors 2.0 (ITRS 2.0). With the launch of the IRDS program, IEEE is taking the lead in building a comprehensive, end-to-end view of the computing ecosystem, including devices, components, systems, architecture, and software. The Methods of governance, reports, and strategic roadmaps developed by the ITRS and ITRS 2.0 will inform the IRDS within the IEEE-SA IC program.... ...Full Story
TC260 Sets Focus Based on President Xi's Recent Cybersecurity Meeting
USITO.org Weekly May 16, 2016 - On May 7, the National Information Security Standardization Technical Committee (TC260) held a symposium in Beijing to study and implement the main components of President Xi's recent speech on China's cybersecurity and informatization development.
At the discussion, TC260 committee members acknowledged that cybersecurity standards are a core component for national competition in cyberspace. Furthermore, the relationship between development and security, open and indigenous innovation and management and service all need to be considered when developing and implementing standards. ...Full Story
The Benefits, Challenges, a nd Potential Roles f or the Government in Fostering the Advancement of the Internet of Things
US National Telecommunications and Information Administration May 13, 2016 - Recognizing the vital importance of the Internet to U.S. innovation, prosper
and cultural life, the Department of Commer
ce has made it a top priority to
encourage growth of the digital economy and ensure that the Internet remains an open platform
for innovation. Thus, as part of the Department’s Digital E
conomy Agenda, the National
Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is initiating an inquiry re
the Internet of Things
(IoT) to review the current technological and policy landscape.
this Notice, NTIA seek
s broad input from all interested stakeholders — including the private
, and civil society
— on the potential benefits and challenges of
these technologies and what role, if any, the U.S. Government should play in this area. After
he comments, the Department intends to issue a “
green paper” that identifies key
issues impacting deployment of these technologies, highlights potential benefits and challenges,
and identifies possible roles for the federal government in fostering the advancement of IoT
technologies in partnership with the private sector.... ...Full Story
Open wireless standards could chop city costs by nearly a third
ReadWrite May 13, 2016 - Choosing open standards could cut costs by 30 percent and promote more cities to utilize IoT, according to Machina Research.
The market intelligence firm predicts that by 2025 smart cities may spend $1.12 trillion on deploying smart tech, but might save up to $341 billion if they use open wireless standards instead of proprietary.
On top of the lowered cost for deployment, Machina also sees 27 percent more connected devices by 2025, if open wireless standards are adopted by smart cities and IoT providers.
Machina makes mention of two open standards, Bluetooth Low Energy and OneM2M, that are available to use without license....The current issue is IoT providers are bundling proprietary wireless tech with their deployment software, instead of utilizing open source alternatives....
230 companies — including AT&T, Samsung, IBM Europe, and Verizon — have backed the OneM2M standard. Even more have backed Bluetooth Low Energy, especially smart home manufacturers.... ...Full Story