Latest News: From all Sources
Using INSPIRE geospatial data to create innovative added-value services
Monica Lopez Potes
EU Joinup – March 13, 2017: The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission has launched two pilot projects with private sector partners from Spain and The Netherlands to demonstrate the benefits of using Linked and Open INSPIRE Data using RDF, a developer friendly W3C specification for building the Semantic Web.
The JRC, in its efforts to facilitate cross-sector interoperability and help reuse the investments of INSPIRE in other data infrastructures, including Linked Data and Open Data portals, has procured and launched the development of two pilots. These pilots aim to illustrate how INSPIRE data can help in different e-Government services as well as the feasibility and possible benefits of representing INSPIRE data in RDF.
The first pilot is developed by Guadaltel(link is external) ...[and]addresses use cases in the area of the environment, more specifically related to the provisioning of a hydrography RDF services based on national INSPIRE data published by CNIG(link is external) (Centro Nacional de Información Geográfica). This RDF data can serve many applications but will explore its possible use within regional government and water management.
The second pilot...sets out to improve the information position of emergency responders by using Linked INSPIRE Data as a central point of reference.... ...Full Story
IEEE Announces Standards Project Addressing Algorithmic Bias Considerations
IEEE.org – March 10, 2017: IEEE and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA), today announced the approval of IEEE P7003™—Algorithmic Bias Considerations. The new standards development project aims to provide individuals and organizations creating algorithms the certification-oriented methodologies that clearly articulate accountability and clarity around how algorithms target, assess and influence users and stakeholders of autonomous or intelligent systems....
"The rapid growth of algorithmic driven services has led to growing concerns among civil society, legislators, industry bodies and academics about potential unintended and undesirable biases within intelligent systems," said Konstantinos Karachalios, managing director for IEEE-SA. "IEEE's commitment to ethical alignment in intelligent and autonomous systems is further demonstrated by the approval of IEEE P7003, and follows in line with a number of initiatives and projects that are creating an all-encompassing framework to ensure end users and stakeholders are protected by prioritizing ethics in the development of new technologies."
IEEE P7003 will allow algorithm creators to communicate to regulatory authorities and users that the most up-to-date best practices are used in the design, testing and evaluation of algorithms in order to avoid unjustified differential impact on users.... ...Full Story
Consumer Reports to Grade Products on Cybersecurity
DarkReading.com – March 9, 2017: The non-profit consumer ratings group Consumer Reports plans to evaluate cybersecurity and privacy when ranking products, Reuters says. It is currently working with organizations to create methodologies for doing this. An early draft of standards is available.
This decision was made following a recent increase in cyberattacks on IoT devices, many of which contain vulnerabilities easily exploited by hackers. Researchers believe these attacks are unlikely to cease because manufacturers do not want to spend on securing connected products.
The draft prepared by Consumer Reports includes an analysis of built-in software security, amount of customer details collected, and whether all user data is deleted on account termination.... ...Full Story
EU updates smartphone secure development guideline
EU Joinup – March 9, 2017: The European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) has published an updated version of its Smartphone Secure Development Guidelines. This document details the risks faced by developers of smartphone application, and provides ways to mitigate these.The original version of the Guidelines was published in 2011. The update was made available on 10 February. "New developments in both software and hardware have been translated into new significant threats for the mobile computing environment, highlighting the need for an update", ENISA writes.
The guidelines detail 13 types of risk, including sensitive data, software flaws and (abuse of) biometric sensors. For each, the ENISA experts provide recommendations to reduce the risk of abuse. For example, to identify and protect sensitive data on mobile devices, ENISA recommends that software developers begin with classifying in the design phase data storage for passwords, personal data, location, and other sensitive records such as error logs. They can then process, store and use these data according to its classification, and validate the security of API calls.... ...Full Story
Europe-wide interest in Munich desktop debate
EU Joinup – March 8, 2017: On 15 February, the city council discussed a proposed return to the proprietary desktop. The plan, to switch within three years, tabled by the majority political parties, was amended following objections from the opposition. The city administration is planning to study the switch, detailing the costs involved and the possible consequences for the current, Linux-based desktop solutions.
IT press from 21 European Union Member States have reported on Munich's pending return to the proprietary desktop, and civil servants from across Europe have reached out to the Open Source Observatory. A few took to social media to express their concerns.
In the days leading up to the vote, the city received a record-breaking number of comments, one city councillor noted. A handful of activists attended the city hall meeting, and an alliance of German and international free and open source organisations questioned the city's plans in an open letter.... ...Full Story
W3C Completes Bridge between HTML/Micro-fomats and Semantic Web
ERCIM.com – March 7, 2017: The World Wide Web Consortium completed an important link between Semantic Web and microformats communities. With 'Gleaning Resource Descriptions from Dialects of Languages', or GRDDL (pronounced "griddle"), software can automatically extract information from structured Web pages to make it part of the Semantic Web. Those accustomed to expressing structured data with microformats in XHTML can thus increase the value of their existing data by porting it to the Semantic Web, at very low cost....One aspect of recent developments some people call 'Web 2.0' involves applications based on combining - in 'mashups' - various types of data that are spread all around on the Web. A number of active communities innovating on the Web are sharing data such as calendar information, contact information, etc. These communities have developed diverse social practices and technologies that satisfy their particular needs. For instance, search engines have had great success using statistical methods while people who share photos have found it useful to tag their photos manually with short text labels. Much of this work can be captured via "microformats". Microformats refer to sets of simple, open data formats built upon existing and widely adopted standards, including HTML, CSS and XML.
GRDDL is the bridge for turning data expressed in an XML format (such as XHTML) into Semantic Web data. With GRDDL, authors transform the data they wish to share into a format that can be used and transformed again for more rigorous applications.... ...Full Story
European Catalogue of ICT Standards for Procurement Join this community
EU Joinup – March 6, 2017: The European Commission is happy to launch a public consultation to improve the draft contents of the Catalogue. At this stage, the consultation aims at collecting feedback on the contents, and at receiving advices on possible catalogue structure improvements.
The consultation is on the following contents:
- Contents and lists of standards related to the four domains studied by the project: eGovernment, Cloud Computing, Energy (Efficient use of energy in buildings), Transport (electronic tolling systems)
- ICT standards from CAMSS study and the Digital Agenda action 2
The consultation aims to check the information reported to verify that what we found is coherent, updated and relevant, and that the connection between the descriptions and the standards is correct, or to suggest new examples of procurement cases, relevant documentation, etc.... ...Full Story
FOSSA Raises $2.2 Million to Help Companies Manage Open Source Licenses
FOSSA – March 6, 2017: FOSSA, the company behind the modern open source management and license compliance tool, today announced a seed financing of $2.2 million led by Bain Capital Ventures. The round includes participation from numerous angel investors including Salesforce Chairman and CEO Marc Benioff, YouTube CTO/Co-founder Steve Chen, Skype CTO/Co-Founder Jaan Tallinn, Cloudera CTO/Co-Founder Amr Awadallah and Tinder CMO/Co-Founder Justin Mateen. Beginning today, FOSSA's product is freely available in public beta here as well as a "for Business" offering following a 12 month private beta with Fortune 500 companies.
Self-driving cars might need standards, but whose?
John R. Quain
NYTimes News Service – March 3, 2017: The PC revolution, the internet boom, the smartphone economy — all were propelled along by a common set of technological standards. So will a standard platform or operating system be necessary to get autonomous cars rolling, too?...Car companies have come to realize that existing in-car systems, with their tangled layers of software and morass of hundreds of embedded processors, are slow and overly complex by today's computing standards. If autonomous cars are ever to become a reality, they will require even more powerful, more fully integrated and upgradable computing platforms, designers say.... ...Full Story
FCC Proposes 'Next Generation TV' Standard
Variety – March 3, 2017: Federal regulators gave an initial green light to a proposal to dramatically upgrade broadcast TV....the FCC took a step toward approving use of a new TV standard that promises over-the-air viewers will get an Ultra High Definition picture, interactivity, immersive audio, advance emergency alerts, mobile reception and other features.
The standard is dubbed Next Generation TV, or ATSC 3.0, and it has long been on the wish list of Washington's broadcast lobby as they have watched broadband providers cast themselves as the medium of the future.... ...Full Story
Google Cracks Key Security Code, Calls for New Standard
ecommercetimes.com – March 2, 2017: Google [has] announced that its two years of collaboration with CWI, the Netherlands' national research institute for mathematics and computer science, resulted in the launch of a successful attack against the SHA-1 cryptographic algorithm, a widely used standard protocol used to protect sensitive data in millions of computers.
The breakthrough research, led by Marc Stevens of CWI and Ellie Bursztein of Google, shows that the industry needs to send the SHA-1 standard into retirement, Google said, because the attack they were able to generate shows that the algorithm is no longer secure....NIST, the standards board that regulates computer security, officially deprecated SHA-1 in 2011, Nunnikhoven noted, adding that modern systems have moved away from the algorithm.... ...Full Story
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32 Publishes Updated SQL Database Language Standard
ANSI.org – March 2, 2017: The International Organization for Standardization / International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) Joint Technical Committee (JTC) 1, Information Technology, Subcommittee (SC) 32, Data management and interchange, published nine updated parts of the SQL Query Language (SQL) Database Language standard, ISO/IEC 9075:2016, Information technology - Database languages – SQL in December 2016. SQL is a data sublanguage widely used for access to relational databases.
Major new features in the update include Row Pattern Recognition, Support for Java Script Object Notation (JSON) objects, Polymorphic Table Functions, and Additional analytics.... ...Full Story
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